IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/hal/journl/halshs-00068592.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Evaluation des politiques de transports et équité spatiale

Author

Listed:
  • Alain Bonnafous

    () (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Sophie Masson

    () (GEREM - Groupe d'Étude et de Recherche en Économie Mathématique - UPVD - Université de Perpignan Via Domitia)

Abstract

Assessment of transport policy and spatial equity. - The set up of a transport system in a place generates inequalities in accessibility at the local, national or international level. This raises the problem of the unequal access to transport and local public goods, hereafter designated as the spatial inequity. In the assessment of transport policies, dealing with spatial equity leads to several problems mainly because of the contradiction between efficiency and equity. The cost-benefit analysis usually practised is unable to consider redistribution maters. This is clearly linked to its main hypothesis based on the assumptions of an optimal allocation. We propose first to formalise this difficulty, then we consider the way the contradiction can be arbitrated. Several hypothesis are then studied. The first one consists of the integration of the notion of accessibility into the consumer surplus in accordance with the proposition of KOENIG. The following rely on the welfare economics propositions and suggest, prior to the problem, to search for a more reliable and accurate definition of the spatial equity. The present method consist of the standard cost-advantage analysis but including the use of redistribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Alain Bonnafous & Sophie Masson, 2003. "Evaluation des politiques de transports et équité spatiale," Post-Print halshs-00068592, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00068592
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00068592
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00068592/document
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Yves Crozet & Aurélie Mercier & Nicolas Ovtracht, 2012. "Accessibility: a key indicator to assess the past and future of urban mobility," Chapters,in: Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning, chapter 15, pages 263-279 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Dominique Bouf & Christian Desmaris, 2015. "High speed trains and spatial equity in France
      [Trains à grande vitesse et équité spatiale en France]
      ," Working Papers halshs-01194897, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic assessment; spatial equity; accessibility; utilitarianism; calcul économique; équité spatiale; redistribution; accessibilité; utilitarisme; évaluation redistributive;

    JEL classification:

    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00068592. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD). General contact details of provider: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.