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Evaluation des politiques de transports et équité spatiale


  • Alain Bonnafous

    () (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Sophie Masson

    () (GEREM - Groupe d'Étude et de Recherche en Économie Mathématique - UPVD - Université de Perpignan Via Domitia)


Assessment of transport policy and spatial equity. - The set up of a transport system in a place generates inequalities in accessibility at the local, national or international level. This raises the problem of the unequal access to transport and local public goods, hereafter designated as the spatial inequity. In the assessment of transport policies, dealing with spatial equity leads to several problems mainly because of the contradiction between efficiency and equity. The cost-benefit analysis usually practised is unable to consider redistribution maters. This is clearly linked to its main hypothesis based on the assumptions of an optimal allocation. We propose first to formalise this difficulty, then we consider the way the contradiction can be arbitrated. Several hypothesis are then studied. The first one consists of the integration of the notion of accessibility into the consumer surplus in accordance with the proposition of KOENIG. The following rely on the welfare economics propositions and suggest, prior to the problem, to search for a more reliable and accurate definition of the spatial equity. The present method consist of the standard cost-advantage analysis but including the use of redistribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Alain Bonnafous & Sophie Masson, 2003. "Evaluation des politiques de transports et équité spatiale," Post-Print halshs-00068592, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00068592
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Alex Anas & Richard Arnott & Kenneth A. Small, 1998. "Urban Spatial Structure," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 36(3), pages 1426-1464, September.
    2. P Gordon & H W Richardson & H L Wong, 1986. "The distribution of population and employment in a polycentric city: the case of Los Angeles," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 18(2), pages 161-173, February.
    3. R Cervero & K-L Wu, 1997. "Polycentrism, Commuting, and Residential Location in the San Francisco Bay Area," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 29(5), pages 865-886, May.
    4. McMillen, Daniel P. & Smith, Stefani C., 2003. "The number of subcenters in large urban areas," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 321-338, May.
    5. Marlon G. Boarnet & Sharon Sarmiento, 1998. "Can Land-use Policy Really Affect Travel Behaviour? A Study of the Link between Non-work Travel and Land-use Characteristics," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 35(7), pages 1155-1169, June.
    6. P Gordon & H W Richardson & H L Wong, 1986. "The Distribution of Population and Employment in a Polycentric City: The Case of Los Angeles," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 18(2), pages 161-173, February.
    7. Cervero, Robert, 1996. "Mixed land-uses and commuting: Evidence from the American Housing Survey," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 361-377, September.
    8. Fujita, Masahisa & Ogawa, Hideaki, 1982. "Multiple equilibria and structural transition of non-monocentric urban configurations," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 161-196, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yves Crozet & Aurélie Mercier & Nicolas Ovtracht, 2012. "Accessibility: a key indicator to assess the past and future of urban mobility," Chapters,in: Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning, chapter 15, pages 263-279 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Dominique Bouf & Christian Desmaris, 2015. "High speed trains and spatial equity in France
      [Trains à grande vitesse et équité spatiale en France]
      ," Working Papers halshs-01194897, HAL.

    More about this item


    economic assessment; spatial equity; accessibility; utilitarianism; calcul économique; équité spatiale; redistribution; accessibilité; utilitarisme; évaluation redistributive;

    JEL classification:

    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock


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