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Évaluation des politiques de transports et équité spatiale

Author

Listed:
  • Alain Bonnafous
  • Sophie Masson

Abstract

The set up of a transport system in a place generates inequalities in accessibility at the local, national or international level. This raises the problem of the unequal access to transport and local public goods, hereafter designated as the spatial inequity. In the assessment of transport policies, dealing with spatial equity leads to several problems mainly because of the contradiction between efficiency and equity. The cost-benefit analysis usually practised is unable to consider redistribution maters. This is clearly linked to its main hypothesis based on the assumptions of an optimal allocation. We propose first to formalise this difficulty, then we consider the way the contradiction can be arbitrated. Several hypothesis are then studied. The first one consists of the integration of the notion of accessibility into the consumer surplus in accordance with the proposition of KOENIG. The following rely on the welfare economics propositions and suggest, prior to the problem, to search for a more reliable and accurate definition of the spatial equity. Classification JEL : D61, D63, R40, R53.

Suggested Citation

  • Alain Bonnafous & Sophie Masson, 2003. "Évaluation des politiques de transports et équité spatiale," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(4), pages 547-572.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_034_0547
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    Cited by:

    1. Dominique Bouf & Christian Desmaris, 2015. "High speed trains and spatial equity in France
      [Trains à grande vitesse et équité spatiale en France]
      ," Working Papers halshs-01194897, HAL.
    2. Yves Crozet & Aurélie Mercier & Nicolas Ovtracht, 2012. "Accessibility: a key indicator to assess the past and future of urban mobility," Chapters,in: Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning, chapter 15, pages 263-279 Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic assessment; spatial equity; redistribution; accessibility; utilitarianism;

    JEL classification:

    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock

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