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The influence of household refrigerator ownership on diets in Vietnam


  • Brent Heard

    (University of Michigan [Ann Arbor] - University of Michigan System)

  • Huong Trinh Thi

    (Alliance Bioversity International and CIAT, Thuongmai University - Partenaires INRAE)

  • Dharani Dhar Burra

    (Alliance Bioversity International and CIAT)

  • Martin C. Heller

    (University of Michigan [Ann Arbor] - University of Michigan System)

  • Shelie A. Miller

    (University of Michigan [Ann Arbor] - University of Michigan System)

  • Thanh Thi Duong

    (Alliance Bioversity International and CIAT)

  • Michel Simioni

    (UMR MOISA - Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs - Montpellier SupAgro - Institut national d’études supérieures agronomiques de Montpellier - Institut Agro - Institut national d'enseignement supérieur pour l'agriculture, l'alimentation et l'environnement - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement - CIHEAM-IAMM - Centre International de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques Méditerranéennes - Institut Agronomique Méditerranéen de Montpellier - CIHEAM - Centre International de Hautes Études Agronomiques Méditerranéennes)

  • Andrew D. Jones

    (University of Michigan [Ann Arbor] - University of Michigan System)


Refrigerator ownership accompanies socio-economic development, with the potential to change human diets. Household refrigerator ownership in Vietnam has increased from 13% to 59% between 2004-2014. This study estimates changes in food consumption and diet linkages with household refrigerator ownership in Vietnam, while controlling for socioeconomic variables. We use a two-step instrumental variable regression model on two panels of the Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey covering 2004-2014. Our study finds refrigerator ownership to be significantly associated with decreases in per-capita calorie intake over both periods. Refrigerator ownership may be connected with households substituting lower-nutrient foods with higher ones, with substantial decreases in starchy staple food consumption connected with refrigerator ownership in both panels. For both periods, refrigerator ownership is significantly connected with increased dairy consumption, potentially reflecting the refrigerator increasing a household's ability to store dairy products.

Suggested Citation

  • Brent Heard & Huong Trinh Thi & Dharani Dhar Burra & Martin C. Heller & Shelie A. Miller & Thanh Thi Duong & Michel Simioni & Andrew D. Jones, 2020. "The influence of household refrigerator ownership on diets in Vietnam," Post-Print hal-02985449, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02985449
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ehb.2020.100930
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server:

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