IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The Location of the Italian Manufacturing Industry 1871-1911: A Sectoral Analysis


  • Roberto Basile

    () (Department of Economics, Second University of Naples - University of Naples Federico II)

  • Carlo Ciccarelli

    (Department of Economics and Finance, University of Rome Tor Vergata - Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata [Roma])


Using a new dataset on value added at 1911 prices at province level for 12 industries, we analyze the spatial location patterns of manufacturing activity in Italy during the period 1871-1911. We test the effect of domestic market potential and factor endowment, focusing on water supply. The results show that, as transportation costs decreased and barriers to domestic trade were eliminated, Italian provinces became more and more specialized, and manufacturing activity increasingly concentrated in a few provinces, mostly belonging to the North-West part of the country. The estimation results corroborate the hypothesis that both comparative advantages (water endowment effect) and market potential (home-market effect) have been responsible of this pro cess of spatial concentration. The location of some traditional industries characterized by a low capital-lab or ratio (such as clothing and wo o d) was mainly driven by water endowment, while the lo cation of fast growing new sectors characterized by a medium/high capital lab or ratio (such as engineering, metal-making, chemicals, textile and paper) was mainly driven by the domestic market potential.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Basile & Carlo Ciccarelli, 2015. "The Location of the Italian Manufacturing Industry 1871-1911: A Sectoral Analysis," Post-Print hal-01430824, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01430824
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server:

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    Other versions of this item:


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Carlo Ciccarelli & Matteo Gomellini & Paolo Sestito, 2019. "Demography and Productivity in the Italian Manufacturing Industry: Yesterday and Today," CEIS Research Paper 457, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 16 May 2019.
    2. repec:bla:presci:v:96:y:2017:i:4:p:675-695 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:spr:cliomt:v:13:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1007_s11698-018-0172-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Carlo Ciccarelli & Stefano Fachin, 2017. "Regional growth with spatial dependence: A case study on early Italian industrialization," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96(4), pages 675-695, November.
    5. Monica Bozzano & Gabriele Cappelli, 2019. "The legacy of history or the outcome of reforms? Primary education and literacy in Liberal Italy (1871-1911)," Department of Economics University of Siena 801, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
    6. repec:afc:cliome:v:13:y:2019:i:1:p:127-161 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Market potential; Factor endowment; Concentration; Italy;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods
    • N13 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: Pre-1913


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01430824. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.