IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/grc/wpaper/18-01.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Nonlinear Class Size Effects on Cognitive and Noncognitive Development of Young Children

Author

Listed:
  • Marie Connolly

    (Department of Economics, University of Quebec in Montreal)

  • Catherine Haeck

    () (Department of Economics, University of Quebec in Montreal)

Abstract

We estimate the nonlinear impact of class size on student achievement by exploiting regulations that cap class size at 20 pupils per class in kindergarten. Using student-level information from a previously unexploited large-scale census survey of kindergarten students, this study provides clear evidence of the nonlinearity of class size effects on both cognitive and noncognitive measures. While the effects are largest on cognitive development, class size reductions also improve social competence and communication skills in small classes of fewer than 15 students. Above that threshold, the impacts of class size reduction are limited. We also find stronger effects for students in disadvantaged areas. These findings suggest that sizeable class size reductions targeted at disadvantaged areas would achieve better results than a marginal reduction across the board, and even that large reductions in a limited number of classes could be financed by marginal increases in the vast majority of schools not experiencing high poverty rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Marie Connolly & Catherine Haeck, 2018. "Nonlinear Class Size Effects on Cognitive and Noncognitive Development of Young Children," Working Papers 18-01, Research Group on Human Capital, University of Quebec in Montreal's School of Management, revised May 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:grc:wpaper:18-01
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://grch.esg.uqam.ca/wp-content/uploads/sites/82/Connolly_Haeck_GRCH_WP18-01.pdf
    File Function: Revised version, 2019
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Marie Connolly & Catherine Haeck, 2018. "Le lien entre la taille des classes et les comp├ętences cognitives et non cognitives," CIRANO Project Reports 2018rp-18, CIRANO.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    class size; cognitive development; noncognitive development; kindergarten; nonlinear effects;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:grc:wpaper:18-01. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Marie Connolly). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/ghuqmca.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.