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The economics of desertification, land degradation, and drought: Toward an integrated global assessment

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  • Nkonya, Ephraim
  • Gerber, Nicolas
  • Baumgartner, Philipp
  • von Braun, Joachim
  • De Pinto, Alex
  • Graw, Valerie
  • Kato, Edward
  • Kloos, Julia
  • Walter, Teresa

Abstract

Land degradation has not been comprehensively addressed at the global level or in developing countries. A suitable economic framework that could guide investments and institutional action is lacking. This study aims to overcome this deficiency and to provide a framework for a global assessment based on a consideration of the costs of action versus inaction regarding desertification, land degradation, and drought (DLDD). Most of the studies on the costs of land degradation (mainly limited to soil erosion) give cost estimates of less than 1 percent up to about 10 percent of the agricultural gross domestic product (GDP) for various countries worldwide. But the indirect costs of DLDD on the economy (national income), as well as their socioeconomic consequences (particularly poverty impacts), must be accounted for, too. Despite the numerous challenges, a global assessment of the costs of action and inaction against DLDD is possible, urgent, and necessary. This study provides a framework for such a global assessment and provides insights from some related country studies.
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Suggested Citation

  • Nkonya, Ephraim & Gerber, Nicolas & Baumgartner, Philipp & von Braun, Joachim & De Pinto, Alex & Graw, Valerie & Kato, Edward & Kloos, Julia & Walter, Teresa, 2011. "The economics of desertification, land degradation, and drought: Toward an integrated global assessment," IFPRI discussion papers 1086, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:ifprid:1086
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    File URL: http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/ifpridp01086.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. von Braun, Joachim & Mirzabaev, Alisher, 2015. "Small Farms: Changing Structures and Roles in Economic Development," Discussion Papers 210464, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
    2. Le, Quang Bao & Nkonya, Ephraim & Mirzabaev, Alisher, 2014. "Biomass Productivity-Based Mapping of Global Land Degradation Hotspots," Discussion Papers 177961, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
    3. Turner, Katrine Grace & Anderson, Sharolyn & Gonzales-Chang, Mauricio & Costanza, Robert & Courville, Sasha & Dalgaard, Tommy & Dominati, Estelle & Kubiszewski, Ida & Ogilvy, Sue & Porfirio, Luciana &, 2016. "A review of methods, data, and models to assess changes in the value of ecosystem services from land degradation and restoration," Ecological Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 319(C), pages 190-207.
    4. Carla Salinas & Jon Mendieta, 2013. "Numerical model to assess the impact of the strategies to mitigate desertification," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 18(5), pages 551-566, June.
    5. Carla Salinas & Jon Mendieta, 2013. "Effectiveness of the strategies to combat land degradation and drought," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 18(8), pages 1269-1281, December.
    6. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:10:p:1728-:d:113268 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Nkonya, Ephraim & von Braun, Joachim & Mirzabaev, Alisher & Le, Quang Bao & Kwon, Ho Young & Kirui, Oliver K., 2013. "Economics of Land Degradation Initiative: Methods and Approach for Global and National Assessments," Discussion Papers 158663, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
    8. Carla Salinas & Jon Mendieta, 2013. "Mitigation and adaptation investments for desertification and climate change: an assessment of the socioeconomic return," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 18(5), pages 659-672, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cost of inaction; desertification; drought; Economics; Land degradation; prevention of land degradation;

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