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The Economics of Desertification, Land Degradation, and Drought; Toward an Integrated Global Assessment


  • Nkonya, Ephraim M.
  • Gerber, Nicolas
  • Baumgartner, Philipp
  • von Braun, Joachim
  • De Pinto, Alessandro
  • Graw, Valerie
  • Kato, Edward
  • Kloos, Julia
  • Walter, Teresa


Land degradation has not been comprehensively addressed at the global level or in developing countries. A suitable economic framework that could guide investments and institutional action is lacking. This study aims to overcome this deficiency and to provide a framework for a global assessment based on a consideration of the costs of action versus inaction regarding desertification, land degradation, and drought (DLDD). Most of the studies on the costs of land degradation (mainly limited to soil erosion) give cost estimates of less than 1 percent up to about 10 percent of the agricultural gross domestic product (GDP) for various countries worldwide. But the indirect costs of DLDD on the economy (national income), as well as their socioeconomic consequences (particularly poverty impacts), must be accounted for, too. Despite the numerous challenges, a global assessment of the costs of action and inaction against DLDD is possible, urgent, and necessary. This study provides a framework for such a global assessment and provides insights from some related country studies.

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  • Nkonya, Ephraim M. & Gerber, Nicolas & Baumgartner, Philipp & von Braun, Joachim & De Pinto, Alessandro & Graw, Valerie & Kato, Edward & Kloos, Julia & Walter, Teresa, 2011. "The Economics of Desertification, Land Degradation, and Drought; Toward an Integrated Global Assessment," Discussion Papers 109326, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:ubzefd:109326

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    Cited by:

    1. Carla Salinas & Jon Mendieta, 2013. "Mitigation and adaptation investments for desertification and climate change: an assessment of the socioeconomic return," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 18(5), pages 659-672, June.
    2. Carla Salinas & Jon Mendieta, 2013. "Effectiveness of the strategies to combat land degradation and drought," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 18(8), pages 1269-1281, December.
    3. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:10:p:1728-:d:113268 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. von Braun, Joachim & Mirzabaev, Alisher, 2015. "Small Farms: Changing Structures and Roles in Economic Development," Discussion Papers 210464, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
    5. Le, Quang Bao & Nkonya, Ephraim & Mirzabaev, Alisher, 2014. "Biomass Productivity-Based Mapping of Global Land Degradation Hotspots," Discussion Papers 177961, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
    6. Nkonya, Ephraim & von Braun, Joachim & Mirzabaev, Alisher & Le, Quang Bao & Kwon, Ho Young & Kirui, Oliver K., 2013. "Economics of Land Degradation Initiative: Methods and Approach for Global and National Assessments," Discussion Papers 158663, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
    7. Carla Salinas & Jon Mendieta, 2013. "Numerical model to assess the impact of the strategies to mitigate desertification," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 18(5), pages 551-566, June.
    8. Turner, Katrine Grace & Anderson, Sharolyn & Gonzales-Chang, Mauricio & Costanza, Robert & Courville, Sasha & Dalgaard, Tommy & Dominati, Estelle & Kubiszewski, Ida & Ogilvy, Sue & Porfirio, Luciana &, 2016. "A review of methods, data, and models to assess changes in the value of ecosystem services from land degradation and restoration," Ecological Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 319(C), pages 190-207.

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    Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

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