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The demand for crop genetic resources: international use of the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System

  • Smale, Melinda
  • Hodgkin, T.
  • Zohrabian, Armineh
  • Day-Rubenstein, K.

In contrast to a perception that ex situ collections of germplasm are rarely used, this empirical case study reveals large quantities of germplasm samples distributed by the U.S. National Germplasm System to many types of scientific institutions located in numerous countries around the world. Distributions favor developing countries in several ways including the numbers of samples shipped, utilization rates in crop breeding programs, and the secondary benefits brought about through sharing this germplasm with other scientists. Expected future demand is also greater among scientists in developing countries. These findings underscore the importance to global science and technology of retaining such resources in the public domain.

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Paper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series EPTD discussion papers with number 82.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:fpr:eptddp:82
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  1. Wright, Brian D., 1997. "Crop genetic resource policy: the role of ex situ genebanks," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 41(1), March.
  2. Duvick, Donald N., 1992. "Plant Breeding In The 21st Century," Choices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 7(4).
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