Mean-Variance Portfolio allocation with a Value at Risk Constraint
In this paper, I first provide a unifying approach to Mean-Variance analysis and Value at Risk, which highlights both their similarities and differences. Then I use it to explain how fund managers can take investment decisions within the well-known Mean-Variance allocation framework that satisfy the VaR restrictions imposed by regulators. I do so by introducing a new type of line to the usual mean-standard deviation diagram, called IsoVaR, which represents all the portfolios that share the same VaR for a fixed probability level. Finally, I analyse the ¶shadow cost¶ of a VaR constraint.