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Hierarchical relationships in France, between archaism and modernism


  • Christian Bourion
  • Sybil Persson

    () (CEREFIGE)


This research is based on 404 graduates’ accounts of their relationship with line managers. The relationship is viewed - positively or negatively - according to five defined categories of Management levels: “Chief, Boss, Supervisor, Head or N+1.” The more archaic the definition is, i.e., embodied power (Chief, Boss), the more negatively the relationship is experienced. The more modern the definition is, i.e., disembodied power (Supervisor, Head, N+1), the more positively the relationship is experienced.

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  • Christian Bourion & Sybil Persson, 2008. "Hierarchical relationships in France, between archaism and modernism," Cahiers du CEREFIGE 0804, CEREFIGE (Centre Europeen de Recherche en Economie Financiere et Gestion des Entreprises), Universite de Lorraine, revised 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:fie:wpaper:0804

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