Evaluating tax and benefit reforms in 1996-2001
This report evaluates the tax-benefit reforms in 1996?2001. The Government appointed a working group in 1995 to plan the tax-benefit reforms. The proposals of the group were first implemented in 1997 and all the measures were carried out by 1998. After 1998 the focus has shifted to improve the incentives of the income tax system. Another cause for concern was the low retirement age in Finland. Measures were carried out in order to lessen the burden of the ageing population. Most of the tax-benefit measures had a positive impact on labour supply. The measures targeted at preventing early retirement seem also to have been effective. The average retirement age has risen slightly. However, the number of part-time pensioners has increased. There are also more recipients of unemployment pension than before, while recipients of disability pension are decreasing.
|Date of creation:||02 Jul 2002|
|Date of revision:|
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- Nada Eissa & Hilary Williamson Hoynes, 1998.
"The Earned Income Tax Credit and the Labor Supply of Married Couples,"
NBER Working Papers
6856, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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"Estimating labour supply responses using tax reforms,"
IFS Working Papers
W95/07, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
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- Tuulia Hakola, 1999. "Race for Retirement," Research Reports 60, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
- Richard Blundell & Alan Duncan & Julian McCrae & Costas Meghir, 2000. "Evaluating In-Work Benefit Reform: The Working Families Tax Credit in the U.K," JCPR Working Papers 160, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
- Moffitt, Robert, 1992. "Incentive Effects of the U.S. Welfare System: A Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(1), pages 1-61, March.
- Scholz, John Karl, 1996. "In-Work Benefits in the United States: The Earned Income Tax Credit," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(434), pages 156-69, January.
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