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Desigualdade salarial intra-firma e desempenho das empresas brasileiras

Author

Listed:
  • Luiz A. Esteves
  • Pedro S. Martins

Abstract

Qual o impacto da desigualdade salarial intra- rma sobre o desempenho dos trabalhadores e, consequentemente, sobre o desempenho das empresas? N~ao ha na literatura teorica ou emprica um consenso sobre tal efeito. Uma parte da literatura, focada principalmente sobre o papel dos incentivos, prescreve uma relac~ao positiva entre dispers~ao de salarios e desempenho das rmas. Ja uma segunda parte da literatura, focada principalmente sobre o papel da equidade e da justica, prescreve um tradeo entre dispers~ao de salarios e e ci^encia. Este artigo tem como objetivo testar empiricamente a relac~ao entre desigualdade salarial intra- rma e desempenho para um grande conjunto de empresas brasileiras. Medidas alternativas de desigualdade s~ao apresentadas e utilizadas nos testes estatsticos. O desempenho das rmas e medido por seus lucros por trabalhador e valor adicionado por trabalhador. Utilizam-se informac~oes individuais de empresas do setor industrial e do setor de servicos brasileiro. Este artigo encontra evid^encia de uma relac~ao positiva entre dispers~ao salarial e desempenho para a maioria dos testes econometricos apresentados.

Suggested Citation

  • Luiz A. Esteves & Pedro S. Martins, 2008. "Desigualdade salarial intra-firma e desempenho das empresas brasileiras," Working Papers 08_13, Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de Ribeirão Preto.
  • Handle: RePEc:fea:wpaper:08_13
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    File URL: ftp://cpq.fearp.usp.br:2300/textos_discussao/eco/wpe08_13.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Torneios; Incentivos; Equidade; Dispers~ao Salarial.;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J33 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Compensation Packages; Payment Methods
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts
    • J53 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Labor-Management Relations; Industrial Jurisprudence

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