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Desigualdade salarial intra-firma e desempenho das empresas brasileiras

  • Luiz A. Esteves
  • Pedro S. Martins

Qual o impacto da desigualdade salarial intra- rma sobre o desempenho dos trabalhadores e, consequentemente, sobre o desempenho das empresas? N~ao ha na literatura teorica ou emprica um consenso sobre tal efeito. Uma parte da literatura, focada principalmente sobre o papel dos incentivos, prescreve uma relac~ao positiva entre dispers~ao de salarios e desempenho das rmas. Ja uma segunda parte da literatura, focada principalmente sobre o papel da equidade e da justica, prescreve um tradeo entre dispers~ao de salarios e e ci^encia. Este artigo tem como objetivo testar empiricamente a relac~ao entre desigualdade salarial intra- rma e desempenho para um grande conjunto de empresas brasileiras. Medidas alternativas de desigualdade s~ao apresentadas e utilizadas nos testes estatsticos. O desempenho das rmas e medido por seus lucros por trabalhador e valor adicionado por trabalhador. Utilizam-se informac~oes individuais de empresas do setor industrial e do setor de servicos brasileiro. Este artigo encontra evid^encia de uma relac~ao positiva entre dispers~ao salarial e desempenho para a maioria dos testes econometricos apresentados.

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Paper provided by Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de Ribeirão Preto in its series Working Papers with number 08_13.

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Date of creation: 18 Oct 2008
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Handle: RePEc:fea:wpaper:08_13
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