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El conflicto entre la demanda de flexibilidad laboral y la resistencia a la reforma del mercado de trabajo en España

  • Juan José Dolado
  • Florentino Felgueroso
  • Marcel Jansen

La resistencia a las reformas laborales puede explicarse como un conflicto de intereses entre colectivos de individuos con distintas preferencias sobre la flexibilidad laboral. En este artículo presentamos evidencia empírica sobre cómo varían estas preferencias en función de las características socio-económicas de los ciudadanos en España. Documentamos que, a diferencia de lo que ocurre en los países de nuestro entorno, hay una gran diversidad de opiniones sobre la reforma laboral entre determinados grupos de individuos: por un lado, estudiantes, asalariados jóvenes con contratos temporales, autónomos y parados están a favor de reducir la rigidez laboral existente y, por otro, trabajadores de mayor edad con contratos indefinidos se resisten a cambiar el statu quo. Caracterizamos al votante mediano en las elecciones sindicales y analizamos como evolucionan las preferencias electorales de insiders y outsiders conforme aumenta el riesgo de perder el empleo durante la crisis. Concluimos que la actual estrategia del Gobierno de no introducir reformas que choquen con los intereses de las cúpulas sindicales y sus representados aumenta el riesgo de perder las próximas elecciones generales.

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Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Economic Reports with number 06-2010.

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Date of creation: May 2010
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Handle: RePEc:fda:fdacee:06-2010
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