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El conflicto entre la demanda de flexibilidad laboral y la resistencia a la reforma del mercado de trabajo en España

Author

Listed:
  • Juan José Dolado
  • Florentino Felgueroso
  • Marcel Jansen

Abstract

La resistencia a las reformas laborales puede explicarse como un conflicto de intereses entre colectivos de individuos con distintas preferencias sobre la flexibilidad laboral. En este artículo presentamos evidencia empírica sobre cómo varían estas preferencias en función de las características socio-económicas de los ciudadanos en España. Documentamos que, a diferencia de lo que ocurre en los países de nuestro entorno, hay una gran diversidad de opiniones sobre la reforma laboral entre determinados grupos de individuos: por un lado, estudiantes, asalariados jóvenes con contratos temporales, autónomos y parados están a favor de reducir la rigidez laboral existente y, por otro, trabajadores de mayor edad con contratos indefinidos se resisten a cambiar el statu quo. Caracterizamos al votante mediano en las elecciones sindicales y analizamos como evolucionan las preferencias electorales de insiders y outsiders conforme aumenta el riesgo de perder el empleo durante la crisis. Concluimos que la actual estrategia del Gobierno de no introducir reformas que choquen con los intereses de las cúpulas sindicales y sus representados aumenta el riesgo de perder las próximas elecciones generales.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan José Dolado & Florentino Felgueroso & Marcel Jansen, 2010. "El conflicto entre la demanda de flexibilidad laboral y la resistencia a la reforma del mercado de trabajo en España," Economic Reports 06-2010, FEDEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:fda:fdacee:06-2010
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Paro e instituciones (III): “desmitificando la especialización sectorial”
      by Florentino Felgueroso in Nada Es Gratis on 2011-11-22 10:22:31

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    Cited by:

    1. Javier Suarez, 2010. "The Spanish Crisis: Background and Policy Challenges," Working Papers wp2010_1005, CEMFI.
    2. Samuel Bentolila & Juan Dolado & Juan Jimeno, 2012. "Reforming an insider-outsider labor market: the Spanish experience," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 1(1), pages 1-29, December.
    3. Andrea ÉLTETÕ, 2011. "The economic crisis and its management in Spain," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 2, pages 41-55, June.
    4. Stefano Visintin & Alessandro Gentile, 2013. "Il mercato del lavoro in spagna: criticità e riforme strutturali in un contesto di crisi economica," ECONOMIA E SOCIETÀ REGIONALE, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2013(2), pages 65-85.
    5. Conde Ruiz, José Ignacio. & Felgueroso, Florentino. & García Pérez, Jose Ignacio., 2011. "El fondo de capitalización a la austriaca: costes y beneficios de su implantación en España," Economic Reports 06-2011, FEDEA.
    6. Moral Carcedo, Julian & García Belenguer-Campos, Fernando & Bote Álvarez-Carrasco, Valentín, 2012. "Flexibilidad del tiempo de trabajo en España: ¿Ha alterado la crisis el comportamiento del empleo a tiempo parcial?/Work Time Flexibility in Spain: Changes in the Characteristics of Part Time Employme," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 30, pages 209-236, Abril.
    7. Samuel Bentolila & Juan J. Dolado & Juan F. Jimeno, 2012. "The New New Labour Market Reform in Spain: Objectives, Instruments, and Shortcomings," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 10(2), pages 03-07, 08.

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