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Economic Analysis of University-Industry Collaborations: the Role of New Technology Based Firms in Japanese National Innovation Reform

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  • Kazuyuki Motohashi

Abstract

In this study, quantitative analysis of university industry collaborations (UICs) is conducted in case of Japan by using the dataset from RIETI's UIC Survey and METI's Basic Survey on Business Structure and Activities. A focus is put on comparing new technology based firms (NTBFs), to large firms in terms of the characteristics of UIC activities and the impact of UICs on R&D and production productivity. It is found that UICs are not simply adaptations of technology at university, but involves significant development activities at industry side. In this sense, UICs used to concentrate in large firm with substantial R&D resources 5 years ago. However, this activity has spread over to small firms recently, and R&D and productivity impacts of UICs can be found more clearly for small and young firm group. UIC activities by NTBFs are promising not only by the growth potential of these firms, but also by playing as agents of changes in Japan's in-house national innovation system toward network based dynamic one.

Suggested Citation

  • Kazuyuki Motohashi, 2004. "Economic Analysis of University-Industry Collaborations: the Role of New Technology Based Firms in Japanese National Innovation Reform," Discussion papers 04001, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  • Handle: RePEc:eti:dpaper:04001
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    Cited by:

    1. Lee Branstetter & Kwon Hyeog Ug, 2004. "The Restructuring Of Japanese Research And Development: The Increasing Impact Of Science On Japanese R&D," Discussion papers 04021, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    2. Tsai, Kuen-Hung & Hsieh, Ming-Hung, 2009. "How different types of partners influence innovative product sales: Does technological capacity matter?," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 62(12), pages 1321-1328, December.
    3. Fumi Kitagawa, 2005. "Regionalization of Innovation Policies: The Case of Japan," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(4), pages 601-618, June.
    4. Lee Branstetter & Reiko Aoki, 2005. "Is Academic Science Raising Innovative Productivity? Theory and Evidence from Firm-Level Data," Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series d05-86, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

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