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The evolution of high-technology in China after 1978: Towards technological entrepreneurship


  • Greeven, M.J.


The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of China’s science and technology, their related institutions and use in the business world since the reforms started in 1978. Special attention will be given to the re-integration of high-technology into the private sector and the accompanying new type of organization: the New Technology Enterprises (NTEs) – or technological entrepreneurs – in the Development Zones. In an historical analysis we identify several phases of institutional reforms and international technology transfer. The present state of Science & Technology is analysed in terms of information infrastructure, educational system and innovative capability. The analysis shows the still underdeveloped parts of a science and technology supporting environment. The analysis discusses the basic features of the high-technology industry and identifies the information and communication technology (ICT) sector as the most important sector of the industry. This sector is growing fast none the least due to the attention the reform policy has paid to its development since 1978. Specifically the role of NTEs – who are pre-dominantly ICT oriented – in Development Zones is interesting and important. We argue that the NTEs play a large role in the development of private high-technology. We propose a system for technological entrepreneurship and identify computer hardware and software as key sectors for NTEs and high-technology development.

Suggested Citation

  • Greeven, M.J., 2004. "The evolution of high-technology in China after 1978: Towards technological entrepreneurship," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2004-092-ORG, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
  • Handle: RePEc:ems:eureri:1785

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Veronique A.J.M. Schutjens & Egbert Wever, 2000. "Determinants of new firm success," Papers in Regional Science, Springer;Regional Science Association International, vol. 79(2), pages 135-153.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:wsi:ceprxx:v:01:y:2012:i:02:n:s1793969012500094 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Caporale, Guglielmo Maria & Sova, Anamaria & Sova, Robert, 2015. "Trade flows and trade specialisation: The case of China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 261-273.

    More about this item


    China; entrepreneurship; evolution; high-technology; networks; technological and institutional change;

    JEL classification:

    • L2 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
    • M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • P31 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions


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