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Time-Varying Agglomeration Externalities in UK Counties between 1841 and 1971

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  • Frank Neffke

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Abstract

Using dynamic panel data methods on UK counties (1841-1971), we investigate long-term employment dynamics in seven distinct local industries. We study how industries benefit from specialised environments (MAR), diverse local economies (Jacobs’) and large local markets (urbanization), and, in contrast to most other authors, test if the strength of MAR, Jacobs’ and urbanization externalities changes over time. We find declining MAR and rising Jacobs’ externalities since the mid-nineteenth century, questioning the adequacy of a static framework when studying agglomeration externalities

Suggested Citation

  • Frank Neffke, 2008. "Time-Varying Agglomeration Externalities in UK Counties between 1841 and 1971," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 0818, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Dec 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:egu:wpaper:0818
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    File URL: http://econ.geo.uu.nl/peeg/peeg0818.pdf
    File Function: Version December 2008
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    Cited by:

    1. Giulio Cainelli & Eleonora Di Maria & Roberto Ganau, 2011. "Agglomeration, related-variety and internationalisation. Does a relationship exist?," Openloc Working Papers 1114, Public policies and local development.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    agglomeration; dynamic externalities; Jacobs’ externalities; MAR externalities; urbanization externalities;

    JEL classification:

    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • N93 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N94 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Europe: 1913-
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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    1. Historical Economic Geography

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