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The Impact of the EU Blue Card Policy on Economic Growth in the African Sending Countries

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  • d'Artis Kancs
  • Pavel Ciaian

Abstract

In 2009 the EU adopted a new migration policy instrument - the Blue Cards (BC) - for attracting highly skilled workers to the EU. The present paper examines the potential impacts, which BC may cause on the less developed sending countries (LDC). According to the adopted framework of innovative capital, the BC will reduce human capital in LDC. In addition, BC will also have a negative impact on knowledge capital. These findings suggest that the BC is not coherent with the EU’s development policy. Without appropriate policy responses, BC fade the developing country growth prospects away. In order to address the skill drain issues, we propose and examine alternative migration policy options for the LDC.

Suggested Citation

  • d'Artis Kancs & Pavel Ciaian, 2010. "The Impact of the EU Blue Card Policy on Economic Growth in the African Sending Countries," EERI Research Paper Series EERI_RP_2010_10, Economics and Econometrics Research Institute (EERI), Brussels.
  • Handle: RePEc:eei:rpaper:eeri_rp_2010_10
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Pavel Ciaian & d’Artis Kancs, 2007. "Blue Cards, Blue Prospects?," Journal of Economics and Econometrics, Economics and Econometrics Society, vol. 50(1), pages 1-28.
    2. d'Artis Kancs, 2011. "Labour migration in the enlarged EU: a new economic geography approach," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(2), pages 171-188.
    3. D'Artis Kancs & Pavel Ciaian, 2011. "Modelling the flow of knowledge and human capital: a framework of innovative capital," International Journal of Public Policy, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 7(1/2/3), pages 134-160.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    African sending countries; high-skill migration; EU Blue Cards; innovative capital; economic growth; LDC.;

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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