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The effect of the single currency on exports: comparative firm-level evidence

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  • Tibor Lalinsky
  • Jaanika Merikull

Abstract

We investigate how adopting the euro affects exports using firm-level data from Slovakia and Estonia. In contrast to previous studies, we focus on countries that adopted the euro individually and had different exchange rate regimes prior to doing so. Following the New Trade Theory we consider three types of adjustment: firm selection, changes in product varieties and changes in the average value of the exports that compose the exports of individual firms. The euro effect is identified by a difference in differences analysis comparing exports by firms to the euro area countries with exports to the EU countries that are not members of the euro area. The results highlight the importance of the transaction costs channel related to exchange rate volatility. We find the euro has a strong pro-trade effect in Slovakia, which switched to the euro from a floating exchange rate, while it has almost no effect in Estonia, which had a fixed exchange rate to the euro prior to the euro changeover. Our findings indicate that the euro effect manifested itself mainly through the intensive margin and that the gains in trade were heterogeneous across firm characteristics.

Suggested Citation

  • Tibor Lalinsky & Jaanika Merikull, 2019. "The effect of the single currency on exports: comparative firm-level evidence," Bank of Estonia Working Papers wp2018-10, Bank of Estonia, revised 23 Jan 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:eea:boewps:wp2018-10
    DOI: 10.23656/25045520/102018/0162
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    1. Tibor Lalinsky & Jaanika Meriküll, 2021. "The Effect of the Single Currency on Exports: Comparative Firm-Level Evidence," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 17(3), pages 203-239, September.
    2. Bod, Péter Ákos & Pócsik, Orsolya & Neszmélyi, György Iván, 2020. "Az euró és a szlovák gazdaság [The Euro and the Slovak Economy]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(4), pages 321-351.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    international trade; common currency areas; euro adoption; transaction costs; Slovakia; Estonia; firm-level data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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