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Instrumental Variable Estimation of Nonlinear Errors-in-Variables Models

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  • Susanne M. Schennach

Abstract

In linear specifications, the bias due to the presence of measurement error in a regressor can be entirely avoided when either repeated measurements or instruments are available for the mismeasured regressor. The situation is more complex in nonlinear settings. While identification and root n consistent estimation of general nonlinear specifications have recently been proven in the presence of repeated measurements, similar results relying on instruments have so far only been available for polynomial specifications and absolutely integrable regression functions. This paper addresses two unresolved issues. First, it is shown that instruments indeed allow for the fully nonparametric identification of general nonlinear regression models in the presence of measurement error. Second, when the regression function is parametrically specified, a root n consistent and asymptotically normal estimator is provided. The starting point of the proposed approach is a system of two functional equations that relate conditional expectations of observed variables to the regression function of interest, as first proposed by Hausman, Ichimura, Newey and Powell (1991) for polynomial specifications. It is shown that these two equations have a unique solution, thus establishing identification. The proposed estimation procedure relies on the same functional equations, and the proof of asymptotic normality and root n consistency is based on standard results regarding the asymptotics of semiparametric estimators

Suggested Citation

  • Susanne M. Schennach, 2004. "Instrumental Variable Estimation of Nonlinear Errors-in-Variables Models," Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings 602, Econometric Society.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecm:nasm04:602
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Whitney K. Newey & Richard J. Smith, 2004. "Higher Order Properties of Gmm and Generalized Empirical Likelihood Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(1), pages 219-255, January.
    2. Pagan,Adrian & Ullah,Aman, 1999. "Nonparametric Econometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521355643, May.
    3. Joel L. Horowitz & Marianthi Markatou, 1996. "Semiparametric Estimation of Regression Models for Panel Data," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 63(1), pages 145-168.
    4. Newey, Whitney K, 1994. "The Asymptotic Variance of Semiparametric Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(6), pages 1349-1382, November.
    5. Amemiya, Yasuo, 1985. "Instrumental variable estimator for the nonlinear errors-in-variables model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 273-289, June.
    6. Susanne M. Schennach, 2004. "Estimation of Nonlinear Models with Measurement Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(1), pages 33-75, January.
    7. Powell, James L & Stock, James H & Stoker, Thomas M, 1989. "Semiparametric Estimation of Index Coefficients," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(6), pages 1403-1430, November.
    8. Li, Tong & Vuong, Quang, 1998. "Nonparametric Estimation of the Measurement Error Model Using Multiple Indicators," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 139-165, May.
    9. Newey, Whitney K. & McFadden, Daniel, 1986. "Large sample estimation and hypothesis testing," Handbook of Econometrics,in: R. F. Engle & D. McFadden (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 36, pages 2111-2245 Elsevier.
    10. Andrews, Donald W.K., 1995. "Nonparametric Kernel Estimation for Semiparametric Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 11(03), pages 560-586, June.
    11. Joel L. Horowitz & Marianthi Markatou, 1993. "Semiparametric Estimation Of Regression Models For Panel Data," Econometrics 9309001, EconWPA.
    12. Hausman, J. A. & Newey, W. K. & Powell, J. L., 1995. "Nonlinear errors in variables Estimation of some Engel curves," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 205-233, January.
    13. Hsiao, Cheng, 1983. "Identification," Handbook of Econometrics,in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 4, pages 223-283 Elsevier.
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    15. repec:cup:etheor:v:11:y:1995:i:3:p:560-96 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Li, Tong, 2002. "Robust and consistent estimation of nonlinear errors-in-variables models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 110(1), pages 1-26, September.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    errors-in-variables; measurement error; Fourier transforms; nonlinear models; semiparametric estimation;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General

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