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Efficiency of Flexible Budgetary Institutions

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Listed:
  • Bowen, T. Renee

    (Stanford University)

  • Chen, Ying

    (Johns Hopkins University)

  • Eraslan, Hulya

    (Rice University)

  • Zapal, Jan

    (Barcelona GSE and CERGE-EI Prague)

Abstract

Which budgetary institutions result in efficient provision of public goods? We analyze a model with two parties deciding the allocation to a public good each period. Parties place different values on the public good, but these values may change over time. We model a budgetary institution as the rules governing feasible allocations to mandatory and discretionary spending programs. We model mandatory spending as an endogenous status quo since it is enacted by law and remains in effect until changed, and discretionary spending as periodic appropriations that are not allocated if no new agreement is reached. We consider budgetary institutions that either allow only discretionary programs, only mandatory programs, an endogenous choice of mandatory and discretionary programs, or state-contingent mandatory programs. We show that discretionary only institutions can lead to dynamic inefficiencies, mandatory only institutions can lead to static and dynamic inefficiencies, whereas allowing mandatory programs with appropriate flexibility results in static and dynamic efficiency.

Suggested Citation

  • Bowen, T. Renee & Chen, Ying & Eraslan, Hulya & Zapal, Jan, 2014. "Efficiency of Flexible Budgetary Institutions," Working Papers 14-031, Rice University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecl:riceco:14-031
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    Cited by:

    1. Facundo Piguillem & Alessandro Riboni, 2018. "Fiscal Rules as Bargaining Chips," EIEF Working Papers Series 1804, Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF), revised Mar 2018.
    2. Hans Gersbach & Philippe Muller & Oriol Tejada, 2017. "A Dynamic Model of Electoral Competition with Costly Policy Changes," CER-ETH Economics working paper series 17/270, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research (CER-ETH) at ETH Zurich.
    3. Austen-Smith, David & Dziuda, Wioletta & Harstad, Bård & Loeper, Antoine, 2019. "Gridlock and inefficient policy instruments," Theoretical Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 14(4).
    4. Bowen, T. Renee & Chen, Ying & Eraslan, Hülya & Zápal, Jan, 2017. "Efficiency of flexible budgetary institutions," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 148-176.
    5. Gersbach, Hans & Tejada, Oriol, 2018. "A Reform Dilemma in polarized democracies," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 160(C), pages 148-158.
    6. Zapal, Jan, 2020. "Simple Markovian equilibria in dynamic spatial legislative bargaining," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C).
    7. Turishcheva Tatyana (Турищева Т.Б.), 2020. "Monitoring And Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Budget Programs As Components Of The Resource Cycle Of An Autonomous Institution [Мониторинг И Оценка Эффективности Бюджетных Программ Как Составляющи," State and Municipal Management Scholar Notes, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 4, pages 154-158.
    8. Marina Azzimonti & Laura Karpuska & Gabriel Mihalache, 2020. "Bargaining over Mandatory Spending and Entitlements," Department of Economics Working Papers 20-02, Stony Brook University, Department of Economics.
    9. Bouton, Laurent & Lizzeri, Alessandro & Persico, Nicola, 2016. "The Political Economy of Debt and Entitlements," CEPR Discussion Papers 11459, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Gersbach, Hans & Muller, Philippe & Tejada, Oriol, 2016. "The Effects of Higher Re-election Hurdles and Costs of Policy Change on Political Polarization," CEPR Discussion Papers 11375, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    11. Hülya Eraslan & Kirill Evdokimov & Jan Zápal, 2020. "Dynamic Legislative Bargaining," ISER Discussion Paper 1090, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    12. Gersbach, Hans & Muller, Philippe & Tejada, Oriol, 2019. "Costs of change and political polarization," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C).
    13. Karakas, Leyla D., 2016. "Political turnover and the accumulation of democratic capital," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 195-213.
    14. Marina Azzimonti & Gabriel P. Mihalache & Laura Karpuska, 2020. "Bargaining over Taxes and Entitlements," NBER Working Papers 27595, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    15. Karakas, Leyla D., 2017. "Institutional constraints and the inefficiency in public investments," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 152(C), pages 93-101.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C73 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Stochastic and Dynamic Games; Evolutionary Games
    • C78 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Bargaining Theory; Matching Theory
    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation
    • H61 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Budget; Budget Systems

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