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State-of-art on PLS Path Modeling through the available software


  • TENENHAUS, Michel
  • CHATELIN, Yves-Marie

    (IdE France)

  • ESPOSITO VINZI, Vincenzo

    (DMS Italy)


The purpose of this paper is to present PLS Path Modeling, to describe the various options of LVPLS 1.8 and PLS-Graph 3.0 for carrying out a path model, and to comment the output of both software. PLS-Graph 3.0 is actually based on LVPLS 1.8. As an added value, PLS-Graph has a very friendly graphical interface for drawing the model and a resampling module (jackknife and bootstrap). The presentation is illustrated by data which have been used to construct the European Consumer Satisfaction Index (ECSI) for a mobile phone provider.

Suggested Citation

  • TENENHAUS, Michel & CHATELIN, Yves-Marie & ESPOSITO VINZI, Vincenzo, 2002. "State-of-art on PLS Path Modeling through the available software," Les Cahiers de Recherche 764, HEC Paris.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebg:heccah:0764

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    Cited by:

    1. Arumugam Seetharaman & Saurabh Singhal & Pankaj Galdhar & John Rudolph Raj & A. S. Saravanan, 2016. "Customers’ Expectations for Next Generation Internet Banking," Journal of Information & Knowledge Management (JIKM), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 15(01), pages 1-28, March.
    2. Garbade, Philipp J.P. & Omta, S.W.F. (Onno) & Fortuin, Frances T.J.M., 2013. "Exploring the characteristics of innovation alliances of Dutch Biotechnology SMEs and their policy implications," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), issue 1, April.
    3. repec:gam:jrisks:v:5:y:2017:i:4:p:52-:d:112737 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jean-Marie Nkongolo-Bakenda & Robert Anderson & Jack Ito & Garnet Garven, 2010. "Structural and competitive determinants of globally oriented small- and medium-sized enterprises: An empirical analysis," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 55-86, March.
    5. Vincenzo Vinzi & Christiane Guinot & Silvia Squillacciotti, 2007. "Two-step PLS regression for L-structured data: an application in the cosmetic industry," Statistical Methods & Applications, Springer;SocietĂ  Italiana di Statistica, vol. 16(2), pages 263-278, August.
    6. repec:wsi:jecxxx:v:16:y:2008:i:03:n:s0218495808000144 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    PLS Path Modeling; PLS Approach; Structural Equation Modeling; LVPLS 1.8; PLS-Graph;

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • D11 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Theory

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