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Walras and dividends equilibrium with possibly satiated consumers

Author

Listed:
  • Nizar Allouch

    () (Department of Economics Queen Mary, University of London Mile End Rd, E1 4NS London, United Kingdom)

  • Cuong Le Van

    () (PSE, Université Paris 1, CNRS CES, 106-112 boulevard de l'Hôpital 75647 Paris cedex 13)

Abstract

The main contribution of the paper is to provide a weaker nonsatiation assumption than the one commonly used in the literature to ensure the existence of competitive equilibrium. Our assumption allows for satiation points in the set of individually feasible consumptions, provided that the consumer has satiation points available to him outside this set. As a result, we show the concept of equilibrium with dividends (See Aumann and Dreze (1986), Mas-Collel (1992)) is pertinent only when the set of satiation points is included in the set of individually feasible consumptions. Our economic motivation stems from the fact that in decentralized markets, increasing the incomes of consumers through dividends, if it is possible, is costly since it involves the intervention of a social planner. Then, we show, in particular, how in securities markets our weak nonsatiation assumption is satisfied by Werner's (1987) assumption.

Suggested Citation

  • Nizar Allouch & Cuong Le Van, 2008. "Walras and dividends equilibrium with possibly satiated consumers," Working Papers 08, Development and Policies Research Center (DEPOCEN), Vietnam.
  • Handle: RePEc:dpc:wpaper:0808
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Aumann, Robert J & Dreze, Jacques H, 1986. "Values of Markets with Satiation or Fixed Prices," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(6), pages 1271-1318, November.
    2. Alexander Konovalov, 2005. "The core of an economy with satiation," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 25(3), pages 711-719, April.
    3. Dreze, Jacques H. & Muller, Heinz, 1980. "Optimality properties of rationing schemes," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 131-149, October.
    4. Kajii, Atsushi, 1996. "How to discard non-satiation and free-disposal with paper money," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 75-84.
    5. Page Jr., Frank H. & Wooders, Myrna Holtz, 1996. "A necessary and sufficient condition for the compactness of individually rational and feasible outcomes and the existence of an equilibrium," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 153-162, August.
    6. Dana, Rose-Anne & Le Van, Cuong & Magnien, Francois, 1999. "On the Different Notions of Arbitrage and Existence of Equilibrium," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 169-193, July.
    7. Makarov, V. L., 1981. "Some results on general assumptions about the existence of economic equilibrium," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 87-99, March.
    8. Le Van, Cuong & Minh, Nguyen Ba, 2007. "No-arbitrage condition and existence of equilibrium with dividends," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 135-152, February.
    9. Allouch, Nizar & Le Van, Cuong & Page, Frank Jr., 2002. "The geometry of arbitrage and the existence of competitive equilibrium," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 373-391, December.
    10. Werner, Jan, 1987. "Arbitrage and the Existence of Competitive Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(6), pages 1403-1418, November.
    11. repec:dau:papers:123456789/6228 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Cornet, Bernard & Topuzu, Mihaela & Yildiz, Aysegul, 2003. "Equilibrium theory with a measure space of possibly satiated consumers," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 175-196, June.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Battauz, Anna & De Donno, Marzia & Ortu, Fulvio, 2011. "Intertemporal asset pricing and the marginal utility of wealth," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 227-244, March.
    2. Allouch, Nizar & Florenzano, Monique, 2013. "Edgeworth rejective core and dividends equilibria of satiated exchange economies," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 1-6.
    3. Guangsug Hahn & Dong Chul Won, 2009. "Satiation and Equilibrium in Unbounded Exchange Economies," Korean Economic Review, Korean Economic Association, vol. 25, pages 349-366.
    4. Nizar Allouch & Monique Florenzano, 2012. "Fuzzy Rejective Core of Satiated Economies with Unbounded Consumption Sets," Working Papers 690, Queen Mary University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
    5. Martins-da-Rocha, V. Filipe & Monteiro, Paulo K., 2009. "Unbounded exchange economies with satiation: How far can we go?," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(7-8), pages 465-478, July.
    6. Sato Norihisa, 2010. "Existence of Competitive Equilibrium in Unbounded Exchange Economies with Satiation: A Note," The B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 10(1), pages 1-22, July.
    7. Sato, Norihisa, 2010. "Satiation and existence of competitive equilibrium," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 534-551, July.
    8. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:3:y:2008:i:73:p:1-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Won, Dong Chul & Yannelis, Nicholas C., 2008. "Equilibrium theory with unbounded consumption sets and non-ordered preferences: Part I. Non-satiation," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(11), pages 1266-1283, December.
    10. Miyazaki, Kentaro & Takekuma, Shin-Ichi, 2013. "A note on the existence of Walras equilibrium in irreducible economies with satiable and non-ordered preferences," Discussion Papers 2013-14, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
    11. Won, Dong Chul & Yannelis, Nicholas C., 2011. "Equilibrium theory with satiable and non-ordered preferences," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 245-250, March.
    12. Miyazaki, Kentaro & Takekuma, Shin-Ichi, 2012. "On the existence of Walras equilibrium in irreducible economies with satiable and non-ordered preferences," Discussion Papers 2012-05, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
    13. Norihisa Sato, 2008. "Some sufficient conditions for the existence of a competitive equilibrium in economies with satiated consumers," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 3(73), pages 1-8.
    14. D. Won & G. Hahn & N. Yannelis, 2008. "Capital market equilibrium without riskless assets: heterogeneous expectations," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 4(2), pages 183-195, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Satiation; Dividends; Exchange Economy; Short-selling;

    JEL classification:

    • D51 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Exchange and Production Economies
    • C71 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Cooperative Games

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