The Effects of Hypertension and Obesity on Total Health Care Expenditures of Diabetes Patients in the United States
We identify a representative sample of U.S. diabetes patients with comorbid hypertension and evaluate health care expenditures in this population across BMI strata. The underlying hypothesis is that the presence of comorbid obesity and hypertension poses an additional burden on patients with diabetes, thus impacting their overall resource utilization. That is, hypertension and obesity in combination have a greater adverse impact on health care expenditures than individually. More than one-third of diabetes patients suffer from comorbid obesity and hypertension, which outnumbers diabetes patients with neither or only one of these comorbidities. The results of multivariate regression clearly show the significant impact these comorbidities can have on the health care expenditures of the diabetes population.
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