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A factor analytical approach to the efficient futures market hypothesis

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  • Westerlund, Joakim
  • Norkute, Milda
  • Narayan, Paresh Kumar

Abstract

Most empirical evidence suggests that the efficient futures market hypothesis, henceforth referred to as EFMH, stating that spot and futures prices should cointegrate with a unit slope on futures prices, does not hold, a finding at odds with many theoretical models. This article argues that these results can be attributed in part to the low power of univariate tests, and that the use of panel data can generate more powerful tests. The current article can be seen as a step in this direction. In particular, a newly developed factor analytical approach is employed, which is very general and, in addition, free of the otherwise so common incidental parameters bias in the presence of fixed effects. The approach is applied to a large panel covering 17 commodities between March 1991 and August 2012. The evidence suggests that the EFMH cannot be rejected once the panel evidence has been taken into account. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Jrl Fut Mark 35:357–370, 2015
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Suggested Citation

  • Westerlund, Joakim & Norkute, Milda & Narayan, Paresh Kumar, 2014. "A factor analytical approach to the efficient futures market hypothesis," Working Papers fe_2014_12, Deakin University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:dkn:ecomet:fe_2014_12
    DOI: 10.1002/fut.21687
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    File URL: http://www.dx.doi.org/10.1002/fut.21687
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    Cited by:

    1. Vidal-García, Javier & Vidal, Marta & Boubaker, Sabri & Uddin, Gazi Salah, 2016. "The short-term persistence of international mutual fund performance," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PB), pages 926-938.
    2. Donald Lien & Zijun Wang, 2016. "Estimation of Market Information Shares: A Comparison," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 36(11), pages 1108-1124, November.
    3. Kagraoka, Yusho, 2016. "Common dynamic factors in driving commodity prices: Implications of a generalized dynamic factor model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PB), pages 609-617.
    4. Zhang, Yue-Jun & Yao, Ting, 2016. "Interpreting the movement of oil prices: Driven by fundamentals or bubbles?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 226-240.
    5. Tong, Bin & Diao, Xundi & Wu, Chongfeng, 2015. "Modeling asymmetric and dynamic dependence of overnight and daytime returns: An empirical evidence from China Banking Sector," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 366-382.
    6. Hoang, Thi Hong Van & Lahiani, Amine & Heller, David, 2016. "Is gold a hedge against inflation? New evidence from a nonlinear ARDL approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 54-66.
    7. Apergis, Nicholas & Eleftheriou, Sofia, 2016. "Gold returns: Do business cycle asymmetries matter? Evidence from an international country sample," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 164-170.
    8. Hoang, Thi-Hong-Van & Wong, Wing-Keung & Zhu, Zhenzhen, 2015. "Is gold different for risk-averse and risk-seeking investors? An empirical analysis of the Shanghai Gold Exchange," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 200-211.
    9. Thi Hong Van Hoang & Amine Lahiani & David Heller, 2016. "Is gold a hedge against inflation? New evidence from a nonlinear ARDL approach," Post-Print hal-02012307, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Dynamic panel data models; Unit root; Factor analytical method; Efficient market hypothesis; Futures markets;

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