IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/dia/wpaper/dt200304.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

La croissance ne suffit pas pour réduire la pauvreté : le rôle des inégalités

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-Pierre Cling

    () (DIAL)

  • Philippe De Vreyer

    () (Université de Lille II, DIAL)

  • Mireille Razafindrakoto

    () (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • François Roubaud

    () (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

Abstract

(english) This paper contributes to the current debate on pro-poor growth. It discusses the respective impacts of macro-economic growth and the reduction of income inequality on monetary poverty. Our results emphasise the potential importance of the latter factor and suggest putting forward redistribution policies, which are usually hardly even considered. They also question the credibility of the first of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which aims at halving the proportion of the population living in absolute poverty by 2015. The first section analyses the factors which lead to placing poverty reduction at the core of development policies. The second section conducts a survey on the impact of growth and inequality on poverty reduction in the economic litterature. The third section presents the results of simulations on the evolution of poverty incidence in all the developing countries by 2015. These simulations are based on an analytical formulation of the poverty elasticity, under a log-normal hypothesis concerning the income distribution, and making various assumptions on growth rates and the evolution of inequalities. Our estimates suggest that African countries will not meet the first MDG; they also come to convergent conclusions on the potential gains in terms of poverty reduction brought about by pro-poor growth. The fourth and final section reveals the contrast between the above result and the lack of interest for redistribution policies within existing PRSPs (Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers). _________________________________ (français) Cet article s'inscrit dans le débat actuel sur la croissance pro-pauvres. Il aborde la question de l’impact respectif de la croissance macro-économique et de la réduction des inégalités de revenus sur la pauvreté monétaire. Il met en évidence l'importance potentielle du second facteur et plaide en faveur d'une reconsidération de politiques distributives, aujourd'hui trop souvent reléguées au second plan. L’article s’interroge également sur la crédibilité des objectifs de réduction de la pauvreté fixés notamment par le premier des Millennium Development Goals (MDG). La première section analyse les facteurs qui ont conduit à l’adoption des nouvelles initiatives internationales de lutte contre la pauvreté (PRSP, HIPC). La deuxième section procède à une revue de littérature du rôle respectif de la croissance et des inégalités sur la réduction de la pauvreté. Partant d'une décomposition comptable de l'élasticité du taux de pauvreté sous l'hypothèse de log-normalité de la distribution des revenus, la troisième section propose des simulations de l'incidence de la pauvreté pour l'ensemble des pays en développement à l'horizon 2015, sous différents scénarios de croissance et d'évolution des inégalités. Tout en estimant que les pays africains ne pourront atteindre l'Objectif, ces simulations convergent d’une manière générale sur les gains potentiels en termes de réduction de la pauvreté procurés par une croissance pro-pauvres. Enfin, la quatrième section montre le hiatus entre ce résultat et la faible contribution des politiques redistributives dans les stratégies préconisées par les PRSP existants.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Pierre Cling & Philippe De Vreyer & Mireille Razafindrakoto & François Roubaud, 2003. "La croissance ne suffit pas pour réduire la pauvreté : le rôle des inégalités," Working Papers DT/2003/04, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200304
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2003/2003-04
    File Function: First version, 2003
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Faouzi SBOUI, 2012. "Effects Of Growth And Inequality," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 35, pages 57-80.
    2. Hamadou Daouda, Youssoufou, 2010. "La dynamique de la croissance est-elle pro-pauvres au Niger ?
      [Is the dynamics of growth pro-poor in Niger?]
      ," MPRA Paper 73164, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Cogneau, Denis & Naudet, Jean-David, 2007. "Who Deserves Aid? Equality of Opportunity, International Aid, and Poverty Reduction," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 104-120, January.
    4. Phillippe G. Leite & Terry McKinley & Rafael Guerreiro Osório, 2006. "The Post-Apartheid Evolution of Earnings Inequality in South Africa, 1995-2004," Working Papers 32, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/4466 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Youssoufou Hamadou Douada, 2011. "La dynamique de la croissance est-elle pro-pauvres au Niger ?," Documents de travail 164, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
    7. repec:dau:papers:123456789/4461 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200304. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Loic Le Pezennec). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/diallfr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.