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Expansionary Government Policy in an Economy with Commodity and Labor

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  • Russell Cooper

Abstract

This paper considers a model in which all exchange is mediated by contracts. The analysis explores the indexation of labor and commodities contracts to observable variations in government spending financed by money creation. In one of the many equilibria, prices and nominal wages are shown to be independent of current money shocks. Except in the extreme equilibrium exhibiting full indexation, policy shocks will generate correlated movements in output and employment over time. The analysis thus suggests an inverse relationship between indexation of contracts and persistence of policy effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Russell Cooper, 1984. "Expansionary Government Policy in an Economy with Commodity and Labor," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 727, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  • Handle: RePEc:cwl:cwldpp:727
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    File URL: http://cowles.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/pub/d07/d0727.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Taylor, John B, 1980. "Aggregate Dynamics and Staggered Contracts," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(1), pages 1-23, February.
    2. Gray, Jo Anna, 1976. "Wage indexation: A macroeconomic approach," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 221-235, April.
    3. Barro, Robert J., 1977. "Long-term contracting, sticky prices, and monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 305-316, July.
    4. Barro, Robert J & Grossman, Herschel I, 1971. "A General Disequilibrium Model of Income and Employment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 61(1), pages 82-93, March.
    5. Blinder, Allan S., 1977. "Indexing the economy through financial intermediation," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 69-105, January.
    6. Azariadis, Costas, 1975. "Implicit Contracts and Underemployment Equilibria," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(6), pages 1183-1202, December.
    7. Russell Cooper, 1984. "Optimal Labor Contracts and the Role of Monetary Policy in an Overlapping Generations Model," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 656R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    8. Fischer, Stanley, 1977. "Long-Term Contracts, Rational Expectations, and the Optimal Money Supply Rule," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 85(1), pages 191-205, February.
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    Keywords

    Labor contracts; money shocks;

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