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Household Borrowing From 401(k) Plans


  • Alicia H. Munnell

    () (Center for Retirement Research)

  • Annika Sunden


In order to encourage participation, 401(k) plans increasingly offer loans and withdrawals. This means that more and more families have access to pension funds prior to retirement. The newly released 1998 Survey of Consumer Finances shows that borrowing from pension plans has more than doubled between 1992 and 1998. The problem with using pension funds prior to retirement is the risk that retirement income will be inadequate. The questions are "Why do people borrow" and "What do they do with the money?"

Suggested Citation

  • Alicia H. Munnell & Annika Sunden, 2003. "Household Borrowing From 401(k) Plans," Just the Facts jtf-1, Center for Retirement Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:crr:jusfac:jtf-1

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    1. Olivia S. Mitchell, "undated". "New Trends in Pension Benefit and Retirement Provisions," Pension Research Council Working Papers 2000-1, Wharton School Pension Research Council, University of Pennsylvania.
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