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The Impact of Emigration on Real Wages in Ireland 1850-1914

Author

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  • Boyer, George
  • Hatton, Timothy J.
  • O'Rourke, Kevin Hjortshøj

Abstract

In this paper we evaluate quantitatively the impact of mass emigration from Ireland between the 1850s and the first World War on Irish real wages. We produce new estimates for several occupations which show that, contrary to some accounts, real wage growth in Ireland was respectable by international standards. We find econometric evidence of an inverse relationship between real wage growth and labour force growth. Using a computable general equilibrium model of the Irish economy we find that, in the absence of emigration, faster labour force growth would have resulted in lower real wage growth, reducing real wage convergence on United Kingdom and the United States.

Suggested Citation

  • Boyer, George & Hatton, Timothy J. & O'Rourke, Kevin Hjortshøj, 1993. "The Impact of Emigration on Real Wages in Ireland 1850-1914," CEPR Discussion Papers 854, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:854
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    Cited by:

    1. Joakim Ruist & Arne Bigsten, 2013. "Wage Effects of Labour Migration with International Capital Mobility," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(1), pages 31-47, January.
    2. Timothy J. Hatton, 2010. "The Cliometrics Of International Migration: A Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(5), pages 941-969, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Emigration; Ireland; Real Wages;

    JEL classification:

    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • N33 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: Pre-1913

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