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Value Added to Invested Capital (VAIC): New Financial Performance Metric and Valuation Tool

Author

Listed:
  • Rauf Ibragimov

    ()

  • Ignacio Velez Pareja

    ()

  • Jospeh Tham

    ()

Abstract

The paper introduces a new financial metric for managerial performance evaluation, Value Added to Invested Capital (VAIC), with the cost of unlevered equity as a hurdle rate to calculate the capital charge rather than the widely accepted WACC. VAIC preserves all positive features of the conventional residual operating income and EVA and has the distinct advantage of computational simplicity and straightforward interpretation. Associated valuation model is equivalent to the standard discounted cash flow approach; this equivalence is formally proved under certain assumptions regarding the risk of tax shields and confirms consistency of the new metric proposed. VAIC can serve as an aggregate financial indicator on the business performance dashboards, and might as well be considered a valid substitute for the established EVA, ReOI and EP metrics in evaluating managerial performance. Equivalence of the VAIC valuation model to the fundamental approach of valuing a business by cash flow discounting makes this metric not only a robust measure of financial performance but also a full-fledged investment valuation tool.

Suggested Citation

  • Rauf Ibragimov & Ignacio Velez Pareja & Jospeh Tham, 2012. "Value Added to Invested Capital (VAIC): New Financial Performance Metric and Valuation Tool," Proyecciones Financieras y Valoración 009600, Master Consultores.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000463:009600
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    File URL: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2056823
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    Keywords

    Performance measurement; Economic Value Added; EVA; Residual income; Residual operating income; Valuation;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G39 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Other
    • M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics
    • M41 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Accounting

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