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Comercio exterior del Gran Caribe

Author

Listed:
  • Jaime Bonet-Morón
  • Maria Camila Barakat-Niño
  • Lewis Enrique Polo-Espinosa

Abstract

Con frecuencia se argumenta que el Gran Caribe es una de las oportunidades que tiene Colombia para incrementar su comercio exterior. El país muestra unos vínculos comerciales fuertes con algunas naciones de esta región, particularmente con México, Panamá y Venezuela. Sin embargo, el comercio exterior con otros países centroamericanos y los de la zona insular es muy débil. En general, las relaciones comerciales entre los países miembros del Gran Caribe son escasas y solo se encuentra un intercambio destacable entre vecinos o entre las economías más grandes. Ello es, en gran parte, resultado de las comunicaciones insuficientes y el transporte limitado que existe entre la mayoría de los miembros, así como de los tratados existentes con países desarrollados que les entrega acceso preferencial a algunos países. Para Colombia, existen oportunidades en algunos productos con ventajas comparativas en ciertos países. No obstante, esto requiere una estrategia comercial fuerte, especialmente en aquellos territorios con una apertura económica amplia que llevan a una competencia significativa por el acceso al mercado. ******ABSTRACT: It is often argued that the Caribbean Basin is one of the greatest opportunities that Colombia has to increase its foreign trade. The country shows strong trade ties with some countries of the Caribbean Basin, particularly Mexico, Panama and Venezuela. However, foreign trade with other Central American countries and those of the insular zone is weak. In general, trade relations between members of the Caribbean Basin are scarce and there is only a remarkable exchange between neighbors or between the larger economies. This is the result of infrequent communications and limited transport between the majority of the members of the Caribbean basin, as well as the existing free trade agreements with developed countries that provide preferential access to these markets. For Colombia, there are opportunities in some products with comparative advantages in some countries. Nevertheless, it requires a robust commercial strategy, especially in those territories with a strong economic opening in which there is significant competence to access those markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaime Bonet-Morón & Maria Camila Barakat-Niño & Lewis Enrique Polo-Espinosa, 2017. "Comercio exterior del Gran Caribe," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 015739, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:015739
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.259
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Giovanni Reyes, 2007. "Procesos de integración en américa latina y el caribe: caracterización general y potencialidad de nuevos ejes de integración," REVISTA TENDENCIAS, Universidad de Nariño, vol. 8(2), pages 7-42, December.
    2. María Modesta Aguilera Díaz, 2001. "Comercio de Colombia con el Caribe Insular, 1990-1999," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 21, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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      Keywords

      Comercio exterior; Gran Caribe; exportaciones; importaciones.;
      All these keywords.

      JEL classification:

      • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
      • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
      • L8 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services

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