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Educación para la primera infancia: Situación en el Caribe colombiano

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  • Andrea Otero

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Abstract

The popularity of the early childhood development programs has increased in recent years since it is in this period when interventions which seek to improve the child´s physical, cognitive and socio-affective skills have a significantly higher impact. According to the results encountered by Heckman, early childhood interventions are correlated with a higher academic achievement, lower dropout rates, increased lifetime income (wealth), lower morbility rates and lower crime rates. This article reviews the main early childhood development programs established in Colombia, with special emphasis upon the educational and nutritional components, in the Caribbean region. RESUMEN: La popularidad de los programas de atención a la primera infancia ha aumentado en los últimos años dado que es en esa etapa cuando las intervenciones que se realizan con el fin de mejorar el desarrollo físico, cognitivo y socio-afectivo de los niños tienen un mayor impacto. Siguiendo lo encontrado por Heckman en sus investigaciones, las intervenciones que se realicen en esta etapa están correlacionadas con un mejor rendimiento académico del niño, menores tasas de deserción escolar, mayores ingresos a lo largo de la vida, menores tasas de morbilidad y tasas más bajas de criminalidad. El presente documento hará una revisión de los principales programas de atención a la primera infancia implementados en Colombia, con especial énfasis en los componentes de educación y nutrición en el Caribe.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Otero, 2011. "Educación para la primera infancia: Situación en el Caribe colombiano," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 009135, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:009135
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    Keywords

    Primera Infancia; educación; nutrición; evaluación.;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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