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El puerto de Barranquilla: retos y recomendaciones


  • Andrea Otero Cortés



The port of Barranquilla is located on the western margin of the Magdalena River, 22 km before the river mouth at the Caribbean Sea. Nowadays, it is ranked fourth among the biggest ports of the country in terms of cargo volume. Nevertheless, it has problems for navigation throughout his access channel due to the accumulation of the sediments dragged by the discharge of the river, which has caused the port to loss competitiveness in comparison with other deepwater ports of the region like Santa Marta and Cartagena. This problem demonstrates the lack of a policy of maintenance of the access channel that guarantees the entry and exit of large vessels at any time. Even so, the port has a promising future, based on the reactivation of the navigation throughout the Magdalena River. Therefore, the presence of the port of Barranquilla will be key in order to connect inland factories with the Caribbean Sea through the Magdalena River. RESUMEN: El puerto de Barranquilla se encuentra ubicado sobre la margen occidental del río Magdalena, a 22 km de la desembocadura del río en el mar Caribe. En la actualidad, es el cuarto puerto más importante del país por volumen de carga transportada. Sin embargo, presenta problemas para la navegación a lo largo de su canal de acceso por la acumulación de los sedimentos arrastrados por la corriente del río, lo que ha hecho que pierda competitividad frente a otros puertos de aguas profundas como Cartagena y Santa Marta. Este problema evidencia la falta de una política de mantenimiento del canal que garantice la entrada y salida de grandes embarcaciones al puerto en cualquier momento. Aún así, el puerto cuenta con un futuro prometedor, ya que en los próximos años se planea realizar importantes inversiones para reactivar la navegación por el río Magdalena y el puerto de Barranquilla será la pieza clave para conectar el interior del país con el mar Caribe por medio del río Magdalena.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Otero Cortés, 2011. "El puerto de Barranquilla: retos y recomendaciones," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 008304, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:008304

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    Cited by:

    1. Karina Acosta Ordoñez, 2013. "Cartagena: Entre el progreso industrial y el rezago social," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 7(1), pages 5-67, June.

    More about this item


    Barranquilla; puerto; comercio exterior; exportaciones; importaciones.;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L92 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Railroads and Other Surface Transportation
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General


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