IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/col/000102/008200.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

La economía del mototaxismo: El caso de Sincelejo

Author

Listed:
  • Andrés Sánchez Jabba

    ()

Abstract

Motorcycle taxis are classified as an informal mean of public transportation. Nonetheless, they have become the main source of income and transport for numerous people. They represent one of the main issues regarding transport safety and policy, which calls upon the necessity of generating proposals based on economic incentives rather than forbiddance, which emphasize on the informal nature of this phenomenon. Results based on an economic model for the city of Sincelejo, which predicts the probability of becoming a motorcycle taxi driver, suggest that these drivers prefer formal jobs due to long run risks related to health, safety, and social security. However, most of them decide to perform this activity in response to higher revenues when compared to alternative sources of income and insufficient job offers. Such revenues are determined by the ownership of the motorcycle and several socioeconomic variables, which in turn affect operational expenses and therefore, profit margins. Finally, legalisation and subsequent incorporation to the legitimate public transportation system is required in order to achieve decreases in service supply, increase public revenues and improve road safety. RESUMEN: A pesar de ser considerado un medio de transporte público informal, el mototaxismo se ha convertido en uno de los fenómenos sociales y económicos más recurrentes en la Costa Caribe sin que a la fecha haya recibido la atención adecuada. Contrario al objetivo de las políticas públicas que prohíben esta actividad, cada año se incrementa la cantidad de mototaxistas, evidenciando la ineficacia de las mismas. Ello genera la necesidad de considerar regulaciones alternativas, basadas en incentivos económicos, que reflejen el hecho de que el mototaxismo constituye una manifestación particular de la informalidad que caracteriza al mercado laboral colombiano. A partir de un modelo económico del mototaxismo aplicado a la ciudad de Sincelejo, se estimó la probabilidad de ser mototaxista y se encontró que la mayoría de los individuos que ejercen este oficio preferirían trabajar en una actividad que represente menores riesgos a largo plazo para su seguridad y salud. No obstante, la mayoría elige ingresar o permanecer en dicha ocupación en respuesta a su rentabilidad y a la insuficiencia de ofertas laborales formales. Esta rentabilidad se encuentra determinada principalmente por la propiedad sobre la motocicleta. Finalmente, se propone la legalización del mototaxismo y su posterior incorporación al sistema de transporte público legalmente constituido, como medida para contrarrestar las externalidades negativas derivadas del mismo, al mismo tiempo que se estimula una reducción en la oferta. Se podría así, controlar la actividad, incrementar los recaudos fiscales, reintegrar los medios de transporte público tradicionales y permitir la entrada en vigencia de sistemas de transporte masivos.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Sánchez Jabba, 2011. "La economía del mototaxismo: El caso de Sincelejo," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 008200, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:008200
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/documentos/publicaciones/regional/documentos/DTSER-140.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. La revolución ruidosa
      by Alejandro Gaviria in Alejandro Gaviria on 2011-07-10 06:58:00

    More about this item

    Keywords

    mototaxismo; transporte público; Sincelejo.;

    JEL classification:

    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion and Avoidance
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • R42 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government and Private Investment Analysis; Road Maintenance; Transportation Planning

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000102:008200. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Banco De La República - Economía Regional). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.