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Impacto Económico del Conocimiento Científico: El caso de La Genética Vegetal


  • Víctor Castro
  • Alberto Arizu
  • Marcos Gallacher


Scientific innovation constitutes an important factor of economic growth. This paper estimates the economic impact of one scientific type of innovation: genetics applied to seed production. In Argentina, previous research on this topic has been focalized on the impact of genetic innovation on partial productivity measures - in particular land productivity. In contrast, this paper utilizes a production function framework to estimate the impact of genetic improvement, controlling for the use of other inputs. Two data bases with a panel structure are used: one integrated by a cross-section of countries (including Argentina), the other includes only data for Argentina for different kid of crops. Results show there is important economic returns associated with innovation in crop genetics.
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  • Víctor Castro & Alberto Arizu & Marcos Gallacher, 2003. "Impacto Económico del Conocimiento Científico: El caso de La Genética Vegetal," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 246, Universidad del CEMA.
  • Handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:246

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ahearn, Mary Clare & Yee, Jet & Ball, V. Eldon & Nehring, Richard F., 1998. "Agricultural Productivity in the United States," Agricultural Information Bulletins 33687, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marcos Gallacher & Daniel Lema, 2014. "Argentine Agricultural Policy: Producer and Consumer Support. Estimates 2007-2012," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 554, Universidad del CEMA.

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    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services


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