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Impacto Económico del Conocimiento Científico: El caso de la Genética Vegetal


  • Alberto Arizu

    (Independent Consultant)

  • Víctor Castro

    (Independent Consultant)

  • Marcos Gallacher

    () (Universidad del CEMA)


Scientific innovation constitutes an important factor of economic growth. This paper estimates the economic impact of one scientific type of innovation: genetics applied to seed production. In Argentina, previous research on this topic has been focalized on the impact of genetic innovation on partial productivity measures - in particular land productivity. In contrast, this paper utilizes a production function framework to estimate the impact of genetic improvement, controlling for the use of other inputs. Two data bases with a panel structure are used: one integrated by a cross-section of countries (including Argentina), the other includes only data for Argentina for different kid of crops. Results show there is important economic returns associated with innovation in crop genetics.

Suggested Citation

  • Alberto Arizu & Víctor Castro & Marcos Gallacher, 2008. "Impacto Económico del Conocimiento Científico: El caso de la Genética Vegetal," Revista de Economía y Estadística, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Instituto de Economía y Finanzas, vol. 0(1), pages 45-68, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:ief:reveye:v:46:y:2008:i:1:p:45-68

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ahearn, Mary Clare & Yee, Jet & Ball, V. Eldon & Nehring, Richard F., 1998. "Agricultural Productivity in the United States," Agricultural Information Bulletins 33687, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marcos Gallacher & Daniel Lema, 2014. "Argentine Agricultural Policy: Producer and Consumer Support. Estimates 2007-2012," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 554, Universidad del CEMA.

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    More about this item


    Agricultural Production; Productivity; Plant Biotechnology; Research & Development; Economic Impact;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture


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