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Questões emergentes na demografia brasileira

Author

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  • Eduardo L. G. Rios-Neto

    (Cedeplar-UFMG)

Abstract

This paper starts with a review of the three demographic components, stressing the decline in fertility, with the possibility of reaching below replacement fertility. Studies on new trends in Brazilian out migration are considered relevant for future research. The demography of compositional effects is discussed in terms of an exercise with the fertility differentials by mother’s education. The exercise shows that the historical improvement in mother’s education compensated the possible adverse effects of high fertility among low educated mothers. The demographic dividend is discussed both conceptually and empirically, pointing to new directions for future studies. Finally, the paper presents a conceptual discussion about intergenerational transfers, with emphasis in public expenditure and social policy. New studies being developed on this topic are mentioned.

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo L. G. Rios-Neto, 2005. "Questões emergentes na demografia brasileira," Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG td276, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdp:texdis:td276
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    File URL: http://www.cedeplar.ufmg.br/pesquisas/td/TD%20276.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    below replacement fertility; demographic dividend; intergenerational transfers; education; social security;

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration

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