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Contrôler moins pour contrôler mieux : L’utilisation du data mining pour la gestion du risque en douane

Author

Listed:
  • Bertrand LAPORTE

    () (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

  • Anne-Marie GEOURJON

    () (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International(CERDI))

  • Massene GADIAGA
  • Ousmane COUNDOUL

Abstract

Pour limiter les contrôles intrusifs, les administrations douanières les plus modernes s’appuient sur l’analyse du risque, seul moyen efficace, compte tenu de l’accroissement du volume des opérations commerciales, pour faciliter les échanges et sécuriser leurs opérations. Les douanes des pays en développement (PED) ont jusque-là tardé à s’engager dans cette voie. Cet article montre, à partir de l’expérience du Sénégal, que le data mining et les techniques de scoring peuvent être utilisées de manière efficace dans les douanes des PED pour évaluer le risque et orienter les déclarations dans les différents circuits de contrôle. Il met également en évidence que le développement à l’interne de tels systèmes dans les douanes de ces pays renforce de manière significative le processus de modernisation.

Suggested Citation

  • Bertrand LAPORTE & Anne-Marie GEOURJON & Massene GADIAGA & Ousmane COUNDOUL, 2012. "Contrôler moins pour contrôler mieux : L’utilisation du data mining pour la gestion du risque en douane," Working Papers 201206, CERDI.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:1326
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    1. Dequiedt, V. & Geourjon, A.-M. & Rota-Graziosi, G., 2012. "Mutual supervision in preshipment inspection programs," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(2), pages 282-291.
    2. Stephen Gates, 2006. "Incorporating strategic risk into enterprise risk management: A Survey of Current Corporate Practice," Post-Print hal-00796835, HAL.
    3. Bertrand Laporte, 2011. "Risk management systems: using data mining in developing countries' customs administration," Post-Print halshs-00601379, HAL.
    4. Stephen Gates, 2006. "Incorporating Strategic Risk into Enterprise Risk Management: A Survey of Current Corporate Practice," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 18(4), pages 81-90.
    5. Vianney Dequiedt & Anne-Marie Geourjon & Grégoire Rota-Graziosi, 2009. "Les programmes de vérification des importations (PVI) à la lumière de la théorie de l'agence," Post-Print hal-00412268, HAL.
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