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Child Schooling in India: Is there any evidence of a gender bias?

Author

Listed:
  • Itismita Mohanty

    () (NATSEM, University of Canberra)

  • Anu Rammohan

    () (Economics, The University of Western Australia)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyse factors that influence schooling outcomes among children in India, specifically focusing on the role of gender. Using the nationally representative Indian National Family Health Survey 2005-06,our analysis finds statistically significant evidence of male advantage both in schooling attendance as well as years of schooling. However, using a cluster fixed-effects model, our analysis finds that within a cluster, contingent on being enrolled, girls spend more years in school relative to boys. Other results show that parental schooling has a positive and statistically significant impact on child schooling. There is also statistically significant wealth effect, community effect and regional disparities between states in India.

Suggested Citation

  • Itismita Mohanty & Anu Rammohan, 2013. "Child Schooling in India: Is there any evidence of a gender bias?," NATSEM Working Paper Series 13/21, University of Canberra, National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling.
  • Handle: RePEc:cba:wpaper:wp1121
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    File URL: http://www.natsem.canberra.edu.au/files/download?id=1124
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    Keywords

    child schooling; cluster fixed effects; household fixed effects; gender bias;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation

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