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Stabilisation, Policy Targets and Unemployment in Imperfectly Competitive Economies


  • George J. Bratsiotis
  • Christopher Martin


This paper argues that the rate of equilibrium unemployment depends on the objectives of the central bank. In a model where the central bank uses monetary policy to stabilize the economy, the authors show that unemployment and inflation will be lower with an inflation target than with targets for output, money, or nominal GDP. The intuition for this is that the elasticities of demand in both the product and the labor markets are greater when there is an inflation target; they show that this leads to a lower mark-up of price over marginal cost and makes wages more sensitive to unemployment. Copyright 1999 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.
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Suggested Citation

  • George J. Bratsiotis & Christopher Martin, "undated". "Stabilisation, Policy Targets and Unemployment in Imperfectly Competitive Economies," Economics and Finance Discussion Papers 98-08, Economics and Finance Section, School of Social Sciences, Brunel University.
  • Handle: RePEc:bru:bruedp:98-08

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pestieau, Pierre & Possen, Uri M., 1991. "Tax evasion and occupational choice," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 107-125, June.
    2. Boadway, Robin & Marchand, Maurice & Pestieau, Pierre, 1991. "Optimal linear income taxation in models with occupational choice," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 133-162, November.
    3. Kanbur, Ravi & Tuomala, Matti, 1994. " Inherent Inequality and the Optimal Graduation of Marginal Tax Rates," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96(2), pages 275-282.
    4. Kihlstrom, Richard E & Laffont, Jean-Jacques, 1979. "A General Equilibrium Entrepreneurial Theory of Firm Formation Based on Risk Aversion," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(4), pages 719-748, August.
    5. Eytan Sheshinski, 1972. "The Optimal Linear Income-tax," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 39(3), pages 297-302.
    6. Pestieau, Pierre & Possen, Uri, 1992. "How Do Taxes Affect Occupational Choice," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 47(1), pages 108-119.
    7. Stern, N. H., 1976. "On the specification of models of optimum income taxation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1-2), pages 123-162.
    8. Mazur, Mark J, 1989. "Optimal Linear Taxation with Stochastic Incomes," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 44(1), pages 31-50.
    9. Christiansen, Vidar, 1988. " Choice of Occupation, Tax Incidence and Piecemeal Tax Revision," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 90(2), pages 141-159.
    10. Jung, Young H. & Snow, Arthur & Trandel, Gregory A., 1994. "Tax evasion and the size of the underground economy," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(3), pages 391-402, July.
    11. Watson, Harry, 1985. "Tax evasion and labor markets," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 231-246, July.
    12. Showalter, Mark H. & Thurston, Norman K., 1997. "Taxes and labor supply of high-income physicians," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 73-97, October.
    13. Feldstein, Martin, 1973. "On the optimal progressivity of the income tax," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(4), pages 357-376.
    14. Paul Baker, 1993. "Taxpayer compliance of the self-employed: estimates from household spending data," IFS Working Papers W93/14, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jordahl, H. & Laseen, S., 1999. "Central Bank Conservatism and Labor Market Reform," Papers 1999:23, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
    2. Bratsiotis, George J., 2008. "Influential price and wage setters, monetary policy and real effects," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 503-517, June.
    3. G J Bratsiotis & C Martin, 2002. "Monetary Policy Rules, Real Rigidity and Endogenous Persistence," The School of Economics Discussion Paper Series 0221, Economics, The University of Manchester.
    4. Vincenzo Cuciniello, 2014. "Monetary and Labor Interactions in a Monetary Union," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 10(4), pages 1-30, December.
    5. Markus Knell, 2002. "Wage Formation in Open Economies and the Role of Monetary and Wage-Setting Institutions," Working Papers 63, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
    6. Pereau, Jean-Christophe & Sanz, Nicolas, 2008. "Unemployment and monetary policy with large price setters and free entry," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 70-74, January.
    7. Phillip Lawler & Jonathan James, 2005. "Macroeconomic Shocks and Central Bank Disclosure Policy: Is increased Transparency Necessarily Beneficial?," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2005 27, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
    8. Amarasekara, Chandranath, 2009. "Central Bank Objectives and Aggregate Disturbances," MPRA Paper 64868, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Larsson, Anna & Zetterberg, Johnny, 2003. "Does Inflation Targeting Matter for Labour Markets? – Some Empirical Evidence," Working Paper Series 191, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
    10. Jordahl, Henrik & Laseen, Stefan, 2005. "Central bank conservatism and labor market regulation," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 345-363, June.
    11. repec:onb:oenbwp:y::i:63:b:1 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Larsson, Anna, 2011. "On labour mobility and the neutrality of money in unionised economies," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(1-2), pages 396-403, January.
    13. Vincenzo Cuciniello, 2011. "The Welfare Effect of Foreign Monetary Conservatism with Nonatomistic Wage Setters," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 43(8), pages 1719-1734, December.
    14. Giovanni Di Bartolomeo & Patrizio Tirelli & Nicola Acocella, 2013. "Trend inflation as a workers’ discipline device," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 40(2), pages 215-235, May.
    15. Christoph S. Weber, 2017. "The Unemployment Effect of Central Bank Transparency," Working Papers 172, Bavarian Graduate Program in Economics (BGPE).
    16. George J. Bratsiotis & Christopher Martin, 2005. "Output Stabilization And Real Rigidity," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 73(6), pages 728-736, December.

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