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Offshoring and Skill-upgrading in French Manufacturing

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  • Juan Carluccio
  • Alejandro Cunat
  • Harald Fadinger
  • Christian Fons-Rosen

Abstract

Using French manufacturing firm-level data for the years 1996 -2007, we uncover a novel set of stylized facts about offshoring behavior: (i) Low-productivity firms ("non-importers") obtain most of their inputs domestically. (ii) Medium-productivity firms offshore skill-intensive inputs to skill-abundant countries and are more labor intensive in their domestic production than non-importers. (iii) Higher-productivity firms additionally offshore labor-intensive inputs to labor-abundant countries and are more skill intensive than non-importers. We develop a model in which heterogeneous firms, subject to fixed costs, can offshore intermediate inputs of different skill intensities to countries with different skill abundance. This leads to endogenous within-industry variation in domestic skill intensities. We provide econometric evidence supporting the factor-proportions channel through which reductions in offshoring costs to labor-abundant countries have signicantly increased firm-level skill intensities of French manufacturers.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Carluccio & Alejandro Cunat & Harald Fadinger & Christian Fons-Rosen, 2018. "Offshoring and Skill-upgrading in French Manufacturing," CRC TR 224 Discussion Paper Series crctr224_2018_018, University of Bonn and University of Mannheim, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:bon:boncrc:crctr224_2018_018
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    offshoring; heterogeneous firms; firm-level factor intensities; skill upgrading; Heckscher-Ohlin;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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