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Diferencias sociales y regionales en el ingreso laboral de las principales ciudades Colombianas, 2001-2004

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  • Julio Romero Prieto

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Abstract

En este artículo se estudian las diferencias sociales en el ingreso laboral desde una perspectiva regional. El análisis responde a tres preguntas ¿Existen diferencias en el ingreso laboral de las principales ciudades colombianas?, ¿Qué porcentaje de la desigualdad social en el ingreso laboral se puede atribuir a las diferencias regionales? y ¿Cuál es el costo social de tener un mercado laboral segmentado? A la primera pregunta el artículo responde que si existen, aunque menores a las observadas cuando se controla por educación, características laborales y costo de vida. En cuanto a la segunda pregunta, una descomposición de la desigualdad en el ingreso laboral sugiere que el efecto regional es nulo. Con respecto a la última pregunta se muestra, que el costo social se traduce en bajas tasas de retorno al capital humano y menor tasa de ocupación.

Suggested Citation

  • Julio Romero Prieto, 2006. "Diferencias sociales y regionales en el ingreso laboral de las principales ciudades Colombianas, 2001-2004," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 67, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:67
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Carlos Humberto Ortiz & José Ignacio Uribe & Érika Raquel Badillo, 2009. "Segmentación inter e intrarregional en el mercado laboral urbano de Colombia, 2001-2006," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 27(58), pages 194-231, August.
    2. Paula Herrera-Idárraga & Enrique López-Bazo & Elisabet Motellón, 2016. "Regional Wage Gaps, Education and Informality in an Emerging Country: The Case of Colombia," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(4), pages 432-456, October.
    3. Mauricio Quiñones Domínguez & Juan Antonio Rodríguez Sinisterra, 2011. "Rendimiento de la educación en las regiones colombianas: un análisis usando la Descomposición Oaxaca-Blinder," REVISTA SOCIEDAD Y ECONOMIA - CIDSE, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE, August.
    4. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2011. "Diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia," REVISTA SOCIEDAD Y ECONOMIA - CIDSE, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    economía regional; disparidades regionales en el ingreso; mercado laboral colombiano;

    JEL classification:

    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J48 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Particular Labor Markets; Public Policy

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