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Determinantes del subempleo en Colombia: Un enfoque a través de la compensación salarial

Author

Listed:
  • Rafael Puyana

    ()

  • Mario Andrés Ramos

    ()

  • Héctor Zarate

    ()

Abstract

En este documento se estudian las tendencias del subempleo y las características de los trabajadores subempleados, con el fin de establecer un marco bajo el cual se pueden analizar los determinantes del subempleo. Posteriormente, se propone el uso de un modelo teórico desarrollado por Azariadis (1975) que afirma que en equilibrio puede darse un diferencial positivo de salarios para los subempleados frente a los no subempleados. La razón detrás de este diferencial es la existencia de incertidumbre y riesgo sobre los salarios para aquellas personas que no cuentan con un contrato pleno. Tomando como base este resultado, se aplica un modelo econométrico para estimar la compensación salarial siguiendo a Moretti (2000). Los resultados indican que existe una compensación salarial a los subempleados por insuficiencia de horas, mostrando que para este grupo los salarios por hora compensan la incertidumbre asociada al subempleo. Sin embargo, no hay evidencia de compensación salarial para los subempleados por competencias y por ingresos. Por ello, es posible que en estas categorías existan mercados segmentados, en el que los individuos se ven obligados a aceptar estos trabajos a pesar de que no compensan vía salario el mayor riesgo que asumen.

Suggested Citation

  • Rafael Puyana & Mario Andrés Ramos & Héctor Zarate, 2011. "Determinantes del subempleo en Colombia: Un enfoque a través de la compensación salarial," Borradores de Economia 652, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:652
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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Eduardo Arango & Diana Carolina Escobar & Emma Mercedes Monsalve, 2013. "Subempleo por ingresos y funcionamiento del mercado de trabajo en Colombia," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, December.
    2. Viviana Alejandra Alfonso C., 2015. "The cyclical behavior of separation and job finding rates in Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 013885, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Subempleo; Riesgo al Desempleo; Compensación Salarial. Classification JEL: C35; J31; J63; J64.;

    JEL classification:

    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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