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Recomendaciones para la modificación del régimen de pensiones obligatorias de Colombia

  • Alejandro Reveiz

    ()

  • Carlos león

    ()

  • Juan Mario laserna

    ()

  • Ivonne Martínez

    ()

Este documento evalúa la regulación vigente relacionada con la administración de los portafolios de los Fondos de Pensiones Obligatorios (FPO), para esto revisa la literatura relacionada con la eficiencia del Sistema dadas sus actuales restricciones. Se concluye que el marco regulatorio de las inversiones de los FPO restringen el retorno esperado y hace que los administradores de portafolios no accedan a niveles superiores de retorno por unidad de riesgo con mayores beneficios de diversificación. Así mismo se limita la capacidad del administrador de construir portafolios que reflejen el perfil de riesgo del afiliado. Se muestra que la fórmula de rentabilidad mínima genera incentivos perversos para que las AFP´s no incurran en riesgo llevando a los Administradores a estrategias que sincronicen los retornos de los portafolios para minimizar el impacto de la incertidumbre generado por la fórmula de rentabilidad mínima. Las propuestas van en el sentido de flexibilizar las inversiones y adecuarlas de acuerdo al perfil de riesgo de los cotizantes utilizando el esquema de Multifondos implementando en otros países de la región.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 507.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:507
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  1. Diego Jara & Carolina Gómez & Andrés Pardo, 2005. "Análisis de eficiencia de los portafolio pensionales obligatorios en Colombia," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 0(49), pages 192-239, Diciembre.
  2. Diego Jara & Carolina Gómez & Andrés Pardo, 2005. "Análisis de eficiencia de los portafolios pensionales obligatorios en Colombia," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
  3. Diego Jara, 2006. "Modelo de la regulación de las AFP en Colombia y su impacto en el portafolio de los fondos de pensiones," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
  4. Jorge A. Chan-Lau, 2004. "Pension Funds and Emerging Markets," IMF Working Papers 04/181, International Monetary Fund.
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