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La estimación de la brecha del producto en Colombia

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  • Jose Luis Torres

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Abstract

La brecha del producto es una variable clave para la política monetaria bajo el régimen de inflación objetivo. Dada la incertidumbre sobre esta medida, los equipos de inflación de los Bancos Centrales monitorean regularmente un conjunto amplio de indicadores y de estimaciones, que dan luces sobre la posición de la economía en el ciclo y posibles presiones de demanda. En este trabajo se reseñan las principales metodologías que se utilizan en el Banco de la República de Colombia para su estimación. También se comparan los pronósticos fuera de muestra, para la inflación básica, que se obtienen utilizando las diferentes medidas en una curva de Phillips híbrida.

Suggested Citation

  • Jose Luis Torres, 2007. "La estimación de la brecha del producto en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 462, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:462
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    File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/docum/ftp/borra462.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Javier Gómez & José Darío Uribe & Hernando Vargas, 2002. "The Implementation Of Inflation Targeting In Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003603, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ilyas Siklar & Umit Yildiz & Sinan Cakan, 2016. "The Time - Varying Natural Rate of Interest and Its Fundamental Determinants: Time Series Evidence from Turkey," Business and Economic Research, Macrothink Institute, vol. 6(2), pages 390-400, December.
    2. Nicolas E Magud & Evridiki Tsounta, 2012. "To Cut or Not to Cut? That is the (Central Bank’s) Question In Search of the Neutral Interest Rate in Latin America," IMF Working Papers 12/243, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Andrés González & Segio Ocampo & Julián Pérez & Diego Rodríguez, 2013. "Output Gap and Neutral Interest Measures of Colombia," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 231-286, July-Dece.
    4. Ignacio Lozano & Hernán Rincón & Miguel Sarmiento & Jorge Ramos, 2008. "Regla fiscal cuantitativa para consolidar y blindar las finanzas públicas de Colombia," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 10(19), pages 311-352, July-Dece.
    5. José Luis Torres T., 2008. "¿Por qué es importante estimar la brecha del producto si el producto potencial es inobservable?," Investigación Conjunta-Joint Research,in: Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos (CEMLA) (ed.), Estimación y Uso de Variables no Observables en la Región, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 1, pages 3-12 Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA.
    6. Luis Ignacio Lozano, 2011. "Caracterización macro de la política fiscal en Colombia y postura frente a la crisis global (2008-2009)," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Brecha del producto; Curva de Phillips; Colombia. Classification JEL: C32; C43; E31; E37; E52.;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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