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La Inflación Básica en Colombia: Evaluación de Indicadores Alternativos


  • Carlos Felipe Jaramillo
  • Edgar Caicedo
  • Adolfo Cobo
  • Andrés González
  • Munir Jalil
  • Juan Manuel Julio
  • Luis Fernando Melo


El objetivo de este trabajo es describir y evaluar indicadores de inflación básica utilizados por el Banco de la República (inflación sin alimento, inflación sin alimentos y servicios públicos y transporte, media truncada al 20% y mediana) y otros alternativos (inflación núcleo, media truncada y mediana a diferentes niveles de truncamiento, media asimétrica y filtro de Hodrick y Prescott). La evaluación se sustenta en diversos criterios estadísticos - variabilidad, insesgamiento, desviación con respecto a la inflación suavizada, capacidad de pronóstico y relación con agregados monetarios - que reflejan las propiedades deseables de cualquier indicador de inflación básica. Los resultados de este ejercicio muestran que la mayoría de los indicadores evaluados resultan ser medidas adecuadas de la inflación de demanda. Aún asi, se encontró que la inflación núcleo para varios niveles de truncamiento es particularmente adecuada al satisfacer la totalidad de los criterios estadísticos utilizados. Algo similar se puede decir de la media asimétrica y de la media truncada al 10%.Por el contrario, el IPC sin alimentos y el IPC sin alimentos, servicios públicos y transporte resultaron ser pobres indicadores de la inflación básica.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Felipe Jaramillo & Edgar Caicedo & Adolfo Cobo & Andrés González & Munir Jalil & Juan Manuel Julio & Luis Fernando Melo, 1999. "La Inflación Básica en Colombia: Evaluación de Indicadores Alternativos," Borradores de Economia 136, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:136
    DOI: 10.32468/be.136

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    References listed on IDEAS

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