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Bank-Specific Characteristics and Monetary Policy Transmission: The Case of Italy

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  • Leonardo Gambacorta

    () (Bank of Italy, Economic Research Department)

Abstract

This paper tests cross-sectional differences in the effectiveness of the bank lending channel of monetary policy in Italy from 1986 to 1998 using a panel approach. After a monetary tightening the decrease in deposits subject to reserve requirements is sharper for those banks that have less incentive to shield the effect of a monetary squeeze: small banks characterized by a higher ratio of deposits to loans and well-capitalized banks that have a greater capacity to raise other forms of external funds. As to lending, size does not affect the banks� reaction to a monetary policy impulse. This can be explained by a closer customer relationship, which provides an incentive for small banks, which are more liquid on average, to smooth the effects of a tightening on credit supplied. Banks� liquidity is the most significant factor enabling them to attenuate the effect of a decrease in deposits on lending.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonardo Gambacorta, 2001. "Bank-Specific Characteristics and Monetary Policy Transmission: The Case of Italy," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 430, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_430_01
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Giuliana Passamani & Roberto Tamborini, 2006. "Monetary policy through the �credit-cost channel�. Italy and Germany," Department of Economics Working Papers 0609, Department of Economics, University of Trento, Italia.
    2. Massimiliano Affinito & Fabio Farabullini, 2006. "An empirical analysis of national differences in the retail bank interest rates of the euro area," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 589, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    3. Loupias, C. & Savignac, F. & Sevestre, P., 2002. "Is There a Bank lending Channel in France? Evidence From Bank Panel Data," Working papers 92, Banque de France.
    4. Brissimis, Sophocles N. & Magginas, Nicholas S., 2005. "Changes in financial structure and asset price substitutability: A test of the bank lending channel," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 879-904, September.
    5. Ignazio Angeloni & Anil K. Kashyap & Benoit Mojon & Daniele Terlizzese, 2003. "Monetary Transmission in the Euro Area: Does the Interest Rate Channel Explain it All?," NBER Working Papers 9984, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Massimo Caruso, 2006. "Monetary Policy Impulses, Local Output and the Transmission Mechanism," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 65(1), pages 1-30, May.
    7. Jean-Bernard Chatelain & Michael Ehrmann & Andrea Generale & Jorge Martínez-Pagés & Philip Vermeulen & Andreas Worms, 2003. "Monetary Policy Transmission in the Euro Area: New Evidence From Micro Data on Firms and Banks," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(2-3), pages 731-742, 04/05.
    8. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00119489 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Kaufmann, Sylvia, 2001. "Asymmetries in bank lending behaviour. Austria during the 1990s," Working Paper Series 0097, European Central Bank.
    10. V. Chiorazzo & V. D’Apice & P. Morelli & Giovanni W. Puopolo, 2015. "Economic Activity and Credit Market Linkages: New Evidence from Italy," CSEF Working Papers 413, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    11. Oscar Dancourt, 2012. "Banking Credit, Policy Interest Rate and Reserve Requirements in Peru," Ensayos Económicos, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department, vol. 1(65-66), pages 41-60, September.
    12. Leonardo Gambacorta & Paolo Emilio Mistrulli, 2003. "Bank Capital and Lending Behaviour: Empirical Evidence for Italy," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 486, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    13. Marcucci, Juri & Quagliariello, Mario, 2008. "Is bank portfolio riskiness procyclical: Evidence from Italy using a vector autoregression," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 46-63, February.
    14. Massimo Caruso, 2004. "Monetary Policy Impulses, Local Output and the Transmission Mechanism," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 537, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    15. Mojon, Benoît & Kashyap, Anil K. & Angeloni, Ignazio & Terlizzese, Daniele, 2002. "Monetary Transmission in the Euro Area : Where Do We Stand?," Working Paper Series 0114, European Central Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    monetary policy; transmission mechanisms; bank lending channel;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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