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Disuguaglianza dei redditi individuali e ruolo della famiglia in Italia

Author

Listed:
  • Giovanni D'Alessio

    () (Banca d'Italia)

  • Luigi Federico Signorini

    () (Banca d'Italia)

Abstract

The paper compares income inequality of households and individuals. Obviously, the latter is greater than the former; in fact households operate a broad redistribution of resources both between earners and non earners (children, unemployed, housewives), and between earners of unequal income. This redistribution, which partially reflects the different roles of the members of a household (i.e. between paid or unpaid work) has deep social and economic implications. The paper shows that the redistribution of income (from labour and from transfers) within the household is able to compensate for between 70 and 90 per cent of income inequality among individuals, depending on the statistical index used. However, the equalising effect of household redistribution is declining; while the income inequality of individuals has declined over time, that measured after household redistribution has taken place has remained almost constant.

Suggested Citation

  • Giovanni D'Alessio & Luigi Federico Signorini, 2000. "Disuguaglianza dei redditi individuali e ruolo della famiglia in Italia," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 390, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_390_00
    as

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    File URL: http://www.bancaditalia.it/pubblicazioni/temi-discussione/2000/2000-0390/tema_390.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Luca Dedola & Eugenio Gaiotti & Luca Silipo, 2001. "Money demand in the euro area: do national differences matter?," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 405, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    2. Giovanni D’Alessio, 2018. "Gender wealth gap in Italy," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 433, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    3. Riccardo Massari, 2009. "Is income becoming more polarized Italy? A closer look with a distributional approach," Working Papers 1, Doctoral School of Economics, Sapienza University of Rome.
    4. Fiorio, Carlo V., 2006. "Understanding inequality trends: microsimulation decomposition for Italy," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 6544, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Gabriella Vindigni & Luri Peri & Paolo Prosperi, 2011. "Problematiche aperte nell’analisi della povertà: questioni di misura e progressi nel raggiungimento degli Obiettivi del Millennio," Post-Print hal-01190051, HAL.
    6. Distaso, Alba, 2007. "Well-being and/or quality of life in EU countries through a multidimensional index of sustainability," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 163-180, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    income distribution; household; labour market;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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