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Tick Size Reduction and Price Clustering in a FX Order Book

Listed author(s):
  • Mehdi Lallouache
  • Fr\'ed\'eric Abergel
Registered author(s):

    We investigate the statistical properties of the EBS order book for the EUR/USD and USD/JPY currency pairs and the impact of a ten-fold tick size reduction on its dynamics. A large fraction of limit orders are still placed right at or halfway between the old allowed prices. This generates price barriers where the best quotes lie for much of the time, which causes the emergence of distinct peaks in the average shape of the book at round distances. Furthermore, we argue that this clustering is mainly due to manual traders who remained set to the old price resolution. Automatic traders easily take price priority by submitting limit orders one tick ahead of clusters, as shown by the prominence of buy (sell) limit orders posted with rightmost digit one (nine).

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    Paper provided by in its series Papers with number 1307.5440.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2013
    Date of revision: Sep 2014
    Publication status: Published in Physica A, Volume 416, 15 December 2014, Pages 488-498
    Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1307.5440
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    1. Riccardo Curcio & Charles Goodhart, 1991. "The Clustering of Bid/Ask Prices and the Spread in the Foreign Exchange Market," FMG Discussion Papers dp110, Financial Markets Group.
    2. Sopranzetti, Ben J. & Datar, Vinay, 2002. "Price clustering in foreign exchange spot markets," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 411-417, October.
    3. Jean-Philippe Bouchaud & Marc Mezard & Marc Potters, 2002. "Statistical properties of stock order books: empirical results and models," Science & Finance (CFM) working paper archive 0203511, Science & Finance, Capital Fund Management.
    4. Benoit Mandelbrot, 2015. "The Variation of Certain Speculative Prices," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: THE WORLD SCIENTIFIC HANDBOOK OF FUTURES MARKETS, chapter 3, pages 39-78 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    5. Large, Jeremy, 2007. "Measuring the resiliency of an electronic limit order book," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 1-25, February.
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    7. Onnela, Jukka-Pekka & Töyli, Juuso & Kaski, Kimmo, 2009. "Tick size and stock returns," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 388(4), pages 441-454.
    8. Michael R. King & Carol Osler & Dagfinn Rime, 2011. "Foreign exchange market structure, players and evolution," Working Paper 2011/10, Norges Bank.
    9. Anirban Chakraborti & Ioane Muni Toke & Marco Patriarca & Frederic Abergel, 2011. "Econophysics review: I. Empirical facts," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(7), pages 991-1012.
    10. Nicolas Huth & Frédéric Abergel, 2012. "The times change: multivariate subordination, empirical facts," Post-Print hal-00620841, HAL.
    11. Nicolas Huth & Frédéric Abergel, 2012. "The times change: multivariate subordination. Empirical facts," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 1-10, March.
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