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Estimating correlation and covariance matrices by weighting of market similarity

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  • Michael C. Munnix
  • Rudi Schafer
  • Oliver Grothe

Abstract

We discuss a weighted estimation of correlation and covariance matrices from historical financial data. To this end, we introduce a weighting scheme that accounts for similarity of previous market conditions to the present one. The resulting estimators are less biased and show lower variance than either unweighted or exponentially weighted estimators. The weighting scheme is based on a similarity measure which compares the current correlation structure of the market to the structures at past times. Similarity is then measured by the matrix 2-norm of the difference of probe correlation matrices estimated for two different times. The method is validated in a simulation study and tested empirically in the context of mean-variance portfolio optimization. In the latter case we find an enhanced realized portfolio return as well as a reduced portfolio volatility compared to alternative approaches based on different strategies and estimators.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael C. Munnix & Rudi Schafer & Oliver Grothe, 2010. "Estimating correlation and covariance matrices by weighting of market similarity," Papers 1006.5847, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1006.5847
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    Cited by:

    1. Cheong, Siew Ann & Fornia, Robert Paulo & Lee, Gladys Hui Ting & Kok, Jun Liang & Yim, Woei Shyr & Xu, Danny Yuan & Zhang, Yiting, 2012. "The Japanese economy in crises: A time series segmentation study," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 6, pages 1-81.
    2. Zhang, Yiting & Lee, Gladys Hui Ting & Wong, Jian Cheng & Kok, Jun Liang & Prusty, Manamohan & Cheong, Siew Ann, 2011. "Will the US economy recover in 2010? A minimal spanning tree study," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 390(11), pages 2020-2050.
    3. Cheong, Siew Ann & Fornia, Robert Paulo & Lee, Gladys Hui Ting & Kok, Jun Liang & Yim, Woei Shyr & Xu, Danny Yuan & Zhang, Yiting, 2011. "The Japanese economy in crises: A time series segmentation study," Economics Discussion Papers 2011-24, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    4. Radhakrishnan, Srinivasan & Duvvuru, Arjun & Sultornsanee, Sivarit & Kamarthi, Sagar, 2016. "Phase synchronization based minimum spanning trees for analysis of financial time series with nonlinear correlations," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 444(C), pages 259-270.
    5. Luu, Duc Thi & Yanovski, Boyan & Lux, Thomas, 2018. "An analysis of systematic risk in worldwide econonomic sentiment indices," Economics Working Papers 2018-03, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.

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