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Participation in Informal Off-farm Labor Market and its Impact on Household Income and Food Security in Malawi


  • Sitienei, Isaac
  • Mishra, Ashok K.
  • Gillespie, Jeffrey
  • Khanal, Aditya R.


Most rural households in Malawi often opt to supplement their farm income with additional casual work on the farms of others (“ganyu” labor). However, there is a growing concern that such informal off-farm work will eventually drive rural households into absolute poverty. Using data from a 2010 Malawi household survey, this study seeks to explore this conjecture, first by examining the factors that motivate rural households to participate in informal off-farm work (ganyu) and later evaluate its outcome. Results from the average treatment effect indicate that participating in ganyu increases an individual‟s annual total off-farm income. On the other hand, it has a negative effect on own-farm income.

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  • Sitienei, Isaac & Mishra, Ashok K. & Gillespie, Jeffrey & Khanal, Aditya R., 2014. "Participation in Informal Off-farm Labor Market and its Impact on Household Income and Food Security in Malawi," 2014 Annual Meeting, February 1-4, 2014, Dallas, Texas 162498, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:saea14:162498
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.162498

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    Cited by:

    1. Megbowon Ebenezer Toyin & Mushunje Abbyssiania, 2017. "Income Diversification and its Determinants among Households in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 8(6), pages 19-27.
    2. Koirala, Krishna H. & Mishra, Ashok K. & Mohanty, Samarendu, 2014. "The Role of Gender in Agricultural Productivity in the Philippines: The Average Treatment Effect," 2015 Annual Meeting, January 31-February 3, 2015, Atlanta, Georgia 195705, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.

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    Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital;

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